Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.S. Publications

Below is a list of our U.S. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

wage growth

2 Dec 2022 US Monitor Whatever Happened to October Payrolls, Slower Gains are Coming

The Homebase small business employment data point to a 250K increase in October payrolls...

...But whatever happened in October, job growth will slow markedly over the next few months.

A fourth straight modest hourly earnings number would strongly suggest the trend is slowing.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

30 Nov 2022 US Monitor ADP is not Reliable; We're Sticking to our 250K Payroll Forecast

 ADP’s employment measure is unreliable; we will be sticking to our 250K payroll forecast.

Job openings are trending downwards but not collapsing; wage growth is slowing more quickly.

The October trade deficit likely fell slightly, but the big correction in imports is over.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

29 Nov 2022 US Monitor Chainstore Sales Growth is Slowing

 Chain store sales growth is slowing; adverse base effects are only part of the story...

...Discount stores appear to be suffering as low- income households are squeezed.

Home prices are falling, probably at an accelerating rate, and consumers are glum.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

22 Nov 2022 US Monitor Layoffs are set to Rise, Pointing to Slower Payroll Growth Next Year

  • Layoff announcements are not a reliable guide to jobless claims in the short term...
  • ...But we cannot ignore the upward trend in recent months; claims likely will follow.
  • Regional Fed surveys point to a sharp slowdown in capital spending, but it is not in the hard data yet.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

18 Nov 2022 US Monitor Can the Economy Really Grow by 4%+ in the Fourth Quarter?

  • Forecasts of GDP growth over 4% in Q4 might be right, but at this point they are premature.
  • Existing home sales likely fell again in October but can’t drop much further; prices can.
  • Used vehicle auction prices nudged up in early November; we hope it’s noise, not signal.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

7 Nov 2022 US Monitor The Labor Market is Softening, Further Fed Hikes are Dangerous

  • Job growth is slowing, on track to slip below 100K by next March, pushing up unemployment.
  • Wage growth appears to be softening, though the data are not quite definitive, yet.
  • If recent trends continue, and core CPI prints moder- ate, Chair Powell’s stance will have to change.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

4 Nov 2022 US Monitor Payroll Growth Likely Slowed in October, and Watch AHE too

  • We look for a 175K increase in October payrolls, but the margin of error is large at inflexion points...
  • ...Employment measures in most business surveys have weakened, but they remain quite strong.
  • Look out for a third straight soft hourly earnings print; that would start to look like a trend.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

31 Oct 2022 US Monitor How the Fed Could be Done After the December Rate Hike

  • If core inflation and wage growth slow simultaneously, the Fed’s last hike will be in December
  • Don’t be deceived by low and stable initial claims; labor demand is slowing markedly.
  • The latest core CPI prints are grim, but recency bias is dangerous; change is coming, for the better

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

28 Oct 2022 US Monitor Final Demand is Struggling, but Recession is not Inevitable

  • Q3 GDP growth flattered to deceive; domestic final demand barely rose.
  • The Q3 ECI should offer a bit of hope on the wages front, but the numbers are hard to forecast.
  • One monthly drop in core capex orders proves nothing, but weaker business surveys are ominous. 

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

27 Oct 2022 US Monitor Upside Risk for Q3 GDP Growth, Thanks to Inventory Technicalities

  • We see upside risk for third quarter GDP growth; net trade likely drove growth to 3.1%.
  • Demand for labor is slowing, despite very low and stable initial jobless claims.
  • September durable goods orders likely boosted by aircraft, but core capex looks solid too, for now.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

21 Oct 2022 US Monitor Don't be Deceived by the Drop in Productivity

  • The drop in productivity across the past three quarters is a reversal of the initial Covid-driven surge…
  • …The trend in productivity is not falling; expect a rebound to begin in Q3.
  • Positive productivity growth and slowing wage gains next year will allow the Fed to stop hiking, then ease. 

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

11 Oct 2022 US Monitor More of the Same in the Jobs Data, but the Next Wages Print is Key

  • Markets overreacted to an insignificant dip in unem- ployment because the Fed overreacts to the data too.
  • The slowing in job growth has been very gradual in recent months, but friendly seasonals can’t last.
  • The slowing in wage gains still looks more like a sta- tistical quirk than a trend, but October data are key.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

26 Sept 2022 US Monitor Under Normal Conditions, Rates have Risen Enough to Cause Recession

  • The very healthy state of the private sector’s finances stands between financial conditions and recession…
  • …No one knows how far people will run down their savings, but they start with a gigantic pile of cash.
  • If recession comes, it will be brief, and mild; without severe imbalances, recessions can’t be severe either. 

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

23 Sept 2022 US Monitor Why is the Fed so Determined that the Labor Market Must Weaken

  • Even if margin re-compression crushes inflation over the next year, wages pose a medium-term threat...
  • ...That’s why the Fed is so determined to drive a weakening in the labor market.
  • But policymakers’s fears of sustained wage-driven inflation likely overstate the danger.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

22 Sept 2022 US Monitor No Let-up in the Fed's Hawkishness, but Opinions are Split

  • Aggressive rate hikes will continue until inflation improves; 75bp in November, but 25bp in December?
  • Fed opinion is split, even in the near-term, and the inflation data over the next few months will be better.
  • The Homebase data suggest a preliminary 325K forecast for September payrolls.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

21 Sept 2022 US Monitor Expect 75bp Today, and a Forecast of a Further 100bp by Year-end

  • The Fed likely will hike by 75bp today, and will forecast a further 100bp by the end of the year...
  • ...They will forecast slower growth, higher unemployment, and lower inflation for next year
  • Existing home sales likely dipped only slightly in August, but further hefty declines are coming.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

19 Sept 2022 US Monitor Q3 GDP Growth is Still Deeply Uncertain, Clear Upside Risks Persist

  • Huge uncertainty over foreign trade and inventories mean Q3 GDP growth is still a wild card.
  • We see substantial net upside risk, but other models point in the opposite direction.
  • Homebuilders’ sentiment likely has not yet bottomed; mortgage demand is still falling.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

16 Sept 2022 US Monitor Core Retail Sales Growth has Slowed; Cheaper Gas will Trigger a Rebound

  • Core retail sales growth slowed over the summer, lagging the surge in gas prices; expect a Q4 rebound.
  • Regional Fed surveys signal plunging margin inflation, though they disagree on growth.
  • Consumers’ sentiment likely rebounded strongly this month; people like falling gas prices.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

14 Sept 2022 US Monitor August's Core CPI Mean 75bp is Done, but the Big Picture is Improving

  • The disappointing core CPI data for August mean the Fed will hike by 75bp, with 50bp likely in November...
  • ..But the underlying forces which will drive down inflation over the next year are unchanged.
  • Better news is coming, soon, depending on the pass- through from vehicle auction prices to the CPI.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

12 Sept 2022 US Monitor What Happens Next Year if Inflation Slows but Growth does not?

  • Our 2023 base case is that inflation will surprise to the downside, but growth will surprise to the upside…
  • …Under those conditions, the Fed will not be easing next year; continued gradual hikes are more likely.
  • Rising r-star in the face of sustained economic growth is nothing for real assets to fear

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

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