Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.S. Publications

Below is a list of our U.S. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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29 July 2022 US Monitor July Payrolls Look Set to Confirm the Slowdown Story

Payroll growth looks to have slowed to about 250K in July, continuing the slowing trend.

The Q2 employment costs index should show that wage growth has softened markedly. 

GDP growth likely will rebound in Q3, but final demand will be weak; that matters more to the Fed.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

26 July 2022 US Monitor Yet More Grim Housing Data Coming; Ignore Case-Shiller Price Numbers

The plunge in mortgage applications points to sub- stantial downside risk for June new home sales.

Case-Shiller will report rising home price in May, but you should ignore the data; prices are now falling.

Chainstore sales growth is refusing to follow the weakening script; is spending still rising so quickly?

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

21 July 2022 US Monitor The Housing Rollover is Gathering Pace

Home prices are falling; don’t be deceived by the high year-over-year rate...

Plunging sales and soaring inventory will drive a shift to a new, lower equilibrium level of prices.

Expect a modest bounce in the July Philly Fed, and further signs of easing supply constraints.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

13 July 2022 Core CPI Likely Moderated in June, Watch Airline Fares and Autos

Behind the headline spike, a June repeat of May’s 0.6% surge in the core CPI seems unlikely...

...Airline fares, used auto prices, hotel room rates all likely were better-behaved; rents are a wild card.

The NFIB survey is consistent with other evidence pointing to easing core-core inflation pressures.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

12 July 2022 Small Business Owners are Glum, but Look too for Signs of Easing Inflation

We expect a further clear deterioration in small business owners’ sentiment...

...But the labor market is not quite as tight as last summer, and inflation pressures likely have eased.

Real-time data are still holding up, though July 4 distortions obscure the very latest picture.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

1 July 2022 Q2 Set for the Second Straight Dip in GDP, but it's not a Recession

Downward revisions to prior data and soft May consumption signal a real risk of a small dip in Q2 GDP…

…Not every fall in GDP signals recession, especially when payrolls are still rising rapidly.

The June ISM manufacturing index likely fell, but by much less than the Caixin PMI seems to imply.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

17 June 2022 Housing Construction is Rolling Over, and it has Much Further to Fall

May’s plunge in housing starts overstates the collapse, but not by much, and worse is coming.

The Philly Fed index confirms that supply-chain pressures are easing rapidly.

Vehicle production has returned to the pre-Covid level; further gains will support rising auto sales.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

14 June 2022 Margin Re-Compression is Key to Lower Inflation, Progress in the PPI

Margin re-compression, on the back of the inventory rebuild, is the key to falling inflation over the next year.

PPI "trade services" measures margins directly; they dipped in April and likely fell again in May.

Downside risk to the NFIB headline index today, but we already know that hiring plans rebounded.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

7 June 2022 Real-Time Data Signal Continued Strength in Consumer Activity

As Memorial Day distortions fade, we see few signs that consumers are scaling back spending.

The surge in retail and wholesale inventory-building is coming to an end, pushing down imports.

Spiking consumer credit is not necessarily a sign of broad financial distress due to soaring gas prices.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

3 June 2022 Payroll Growth Appears to have Slowed, but it Remains Strong

The Homebase data and an array of surveys suggest that job growth has slowed; we look for 250K.

The softening in average hourly earnings growth looks real, given the surge in prime-age participation.

Google mobility data point to a clear rebound in the ISM services index, but that guarantees nothing.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

1 June 2022 Higher Oil Prices are Bad News for Most Manufacturers, but not All

Surging oil prices are bad news for many manufac- turers, but shale producers are responding positively.

Regional PMI and Fed surveys for May are mixed, making the ISM a tricky call; we expect a small gain.

May auto sales likely reversed their April jump, but rising vehicle output points to stronger sales ahead.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

31 May 2022 Four Reasons to Expect Core Inflation to Plunge Over the Next Year

We think markets and the Fed are too cautious on the question of how quickly core inflation will fall...

Slower wage gains, margin compression, housing weakness and the strong dollar will depress inflation.

The Fed has to keep hiking, but it can pivot to 25bp in July, and the inflation panic narrative will soon fade.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

24 May 2022 New Home Sales are Set for a Steep Drop, Prices are Vulnerable too

New home sales likely dropped sharply in April, but the monthly data are very noisy and unreliable.

Prices have overshot as developers have exploited low existing home inventory, but they are now at risk.

Capex plans have softened, but spending in the oil sector is accelerating, and has a long way to go.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

16 May 2022 Mean-Reversion in Margins will Drive Inflation Down, Perhaps Quickly

  • The surge in inflation is largely a margin story; costs have jumped too, but margins are the bigger factor.
  • Absent structural change in markets, margins will mean-revert, pulling inflation down, but how quickly?
  • The Empire State survey looks primed for a correction after the inexplicably strong April reading.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

25 Apr 2022 Real-Time Indicators Holding Up, but Housing Demand is Falling Rapidly

The BA.2 Omicron wave is more of a ripple, so far; has the bullet been dodged? 

Near-real-time indicators mostly are strong, but housing demand is rolling over. 

Homebase data point to a solid increase in April payrolls; perhaps a bit less than in March. 

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

29 Mar 2022 50bp is Priced-in for May, but Four Reports Could Keep the Fed at 25

  • Markets are convinced the Fed will hike by 50bp on May 4, but it's not yet a done deal…
  • Downside risks to payrolls, core CPI, GDP, and the ECI could yet persuade the Fed to tread cautiously.
  • Would the Fed hike by 50bp if the economy shrank in Q1, and March payrolls were zero?

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

18 Mar 2022 Homebase Data Signal Weak March Payrolls, Despite Recent Strength

  • Our interpretation of the Homebase data suggests payroll growth stalled in March…
  • …This might be nothing more than a blip, or Homebase could be wrong; but it's not what we expected.
  • Auction data show the drop in used vehicle prices is accelerating; downside risk for existing home sales.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

17 Mar 2022 The Fed's Intent is Clear, but Risks Abound, in Both Directions

  • The Fed's plan to hike seven times this year is based on inflation forecasts which look too bearish…
  • …But longer-run rate forecasts look too optimistic; perhaps because no one now wants to talk about r*.
  • Retail sales data show consumers not fazed by Omicron; downside risk for February IP data today. 

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

9 Mar 2022 Food Inflation Likely will Rise, but by Less than you Might Think

  • Some of the huge spike in food commodity prices will work its way into the CPI, but not much...
  • ...U.S. consumers buy processed food, and most of the price is labor; it's different in emerging markets.
  • A drop in JOLTS job openings in January would be a good thing, signalling rising labor supply.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

2 Mar 2022 Mr. Powell will Hedge Today, but the Tightening Message will be Repeated

  • Fed Chair Powell will acknowledge the uncertainty caused by the war in Ukraine…
  • …But the impact on the U.S. is not big enough to justify a drastic pivot away from the tightening story.
  • The manufacturing recovery continues, but the improvement in supply chains looks to be stalling.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

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