Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.S. Publications

Below is a list of our U.S. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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29 July 2022 US Monitor July Payrolls Look Set to Confirm the Slowdown Story

Payroll growth looks to have slowed to about 250K in July, continuing the slowing trend.

The Q2 employment costs index should show that wage growth has softened markedly. 

GDP growth likely will rebound in Q3, but final demand will be weak; that matters more to the Fed.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

28 July 2022 US Monitor Eight Weeks of Softer Data will Push the Fed to a Smaller September Hike

The Fed followed the script, but Chair Powell was careful to avoid making predictions for September.

With eight weeks of softer data to come before the next meeting, we think 50bp is a solid September bet. 

The economy likely shrank at a 0.5% rate in the second quarter, thanks entirely to a swing in inventories.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

27 July 2022 US Monitor The Fed will Hike by 75bp Today; Hints of a Dovish Shift Unlikely

The Fed is boxed-in to a 75bp hike today, and the latest inflation data likely will keep the talk hawkish.

Things will change by September, but Chair Powell can’t claim victory yet, after the "transitory" debacle.

Downside risk for durable goods orders and pending home sales today; the housing crunch continues.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

26 July 2022 US Monitor Yet More Grim Housing Data Coming; Ignore Case-Shiller Price Numbers

The plunge in mortgage applications points to sub- stantial downside risk for June new home sales.

Case-Shiller will report rising home price in May, but you should ignore the data; prices are now falling.

Chainstore sales growth is refusing to follow the weakening script; is spending still rising so quickly?

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

25 July 2022 US Monitor Too Soon for a Less-Hawkish Fed, but the Swerve is Coming in September

More of the same from the Fed and Chair Powell this week; it’s too soon for a less aggressive stance.

Margin expansion is the inflationary driver which dare not speak its name, at least at the Fed.

As margins re-compress, massively, core inflation will fall quickly; the Fed will switch to 50bp in September.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

22 July 2022 US Monitor The Peak Frenzy in Rental Markets is Over

CPI rents are accelerating, but not for much longer, given the sharp slowing in asking rents.

Rising supply of homes for sale will also release supply in rental markets; landlords’ margins will fall.

The Philly Fed likely has hit bottom, but the bigger story is the rapid improvement of supply constraints.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

21 July 2022 US Monitor The Housing Rollover is Gathering Pace

Home prices are falling; don’t be deceived by the high year-over-year rate...

Plunging sales and soaring inventory will drive a shift to a new, lower equilibrium level of prices.

Expect a modest bounce in the July Philly Fed, and further signs of easing supply constraints.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

20 July 2022 Job Growth Likely Slowed this Month, but it's Still Strong

Payroll growth likely slowed in July, but only modestly; Homebase data point to 300K or so.

Housing construction activity is falling rapidly, with a further 20%-plus decline likely.

Existing home sales probably fell in June, with inventory up and prices down; the rollover is underway.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

19 July 2022 The Capital Stock Still Needs to be Rebuilt, Capex Plans will Rebound

Capital spending plans have been slashed since the invasion of Ukraine and the surge in rates...

But the fundamental need to rebuild the capital stock remains urgent; look for a late summer rebound.

Homebuilders have finally got the message; demand has tanked, and construction has to fall sharply.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

13 July 2022 Core CPI Likely Moderated in June, Watch Airline Fares and Autos

Behind the headline spike, a June repeat of May’s 0.6% surge in the core CPI seems unlikely...

...Airline fares, used auto prices, hotel room rates all likely were better-behaved; rents are a wild card.

The NFIB survey is consistent with other evidence pointing to easing core-core inflation pressures.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

11 July 2022 Job Gains Strong but Likely will Slow

Payroll growth has stabilized at about 350K, but smaller gains are coming later in the summer/fall.

Wage gains have slowed far enough to exert material downward pressure on core-core inflation.

The Fed does not need to hike by 75bp this month; the risk of a wage-price spiral is small.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

5 July 2022 As Supply Chains Revert to Normal, Margins--and Inflation--have to Fall

Measures of supply-chain stress have returned to recognizably normal ranges...

...Inventory is shooting higher too, ex-autos, so gross margins will have to fall, perhaps rapidly.

The pace of margin re-compression will be the most important driver of falling inflation over the next year

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

1 July 2022 Q2 Set for the Second Straight Dip in GDP, but it's not a Recession

Downward revisions to prior data and soft May consumption signal a real risk of a small dip in Q2 GDP…

…Not every fall in GDP signals recession, especially when payrolls are still rising rapidly.

The June ISM manufacturing index likely fell, but by much less than the Caixin PMI seems to imply.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

29 June 2022 Does QT Mean that People Cannot Spend Some of the Savings Stock?

QT and higher rates will trigger a slowdown in loan growth and bank deposit growth...

...But the $3.5T in excess household deposits is real, and it can be spent, if people so choose.

Net foreign trade looks set to add about one percent- age point to Q2 GDP growth, and maybe more in Q3.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

28 June 2022 Q2 Rebound in Foreign Trade Likely to be Smaller than we Hoped

The first quarter’s massive surge in the trade deficit won’t be repeated in the second quarter…

…But the correction will be smaller than we hoped, so the 3.2pp hit to Q1 GDP will only partly reverse.

Consumer confidence likely fell sharply this month, responding to gas prices and the stock market drop.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

24 June 2022 New Home Sales Data are Wild, but the Collapsing Trend is Clear

New home sales have already dropped by 30% from their peak, but they have not hit bottom yet.

Inventory is rocketing, so prices are likely to come under severe pressure, very soon.

The surge in the Q1 current account deficit reflects the frenzy of inventory-building; it won’t last.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

23 June 2022 No Promises for 75bp Hikes, and the Fed is too Blasé about Housing

Chair Powell reiterates that rates will rise until the sequential CPI slows, but that’s not far off.

Last week’s bounce in mortgage applications is a head-fake; the trend is still in free-fall.

Jobless claims likely dipped a bit last week, but the trend is still rising, albeit slowly.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

21 June 2022 How the Fed can Thread the Needle, Reducing Inflation with no Recession

A central bank which promises to hike until inflation falls usually would be signalling recession…

But the margin compression, slowing wage gains, and big cash balances make this time different…

…The Fed has a decent chance of avoiding recession and bringing inflation down quickly.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

17 June 2022 Housing Construction is Rolling Over, and it has Much Further to Fall

May’s plunge in housing starts overstates the collapse, but not by much, and worse is coming.

The Philly Fed index confirms that supply-chain pressures are easing rapidly.

Vehicle production has returned to the pre-Covid level; further gains will support rising auto sales.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

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