Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.S. Publications

Below is a list of our U.S. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

Global Daily Monitor Quantitive Easing Housing Inflation Housing Supply

16 May 2022 Mean-Reversion in Margins will Drive Inflation Down, Perhaps Quickly

  • The surge in inflation is largely a margin story; costs have jumped too, but margins are the bigger factor.
  • Absent structural change in markets, margins will mean-revert, pulling inflation down, but how quickly?
  • The Empire State survey looks primed for a correction after the inexplicably strong April reading.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

11 Apr 2022 Will High Rent Inflation be Offset by Retail Margin Compression?

High rent inflation does not preclude a return to 2% core CPI inflation next year…

…Retail margin compression, post-Covid, could easily drive negative inflation in some key components.

Vehicle inflation likely will be below zero by late summer, but margins are vulnerable elsewhere too.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

28 Mar 2022 How to Think About U.S. Recession Risk: It's all About the Process

  • Recessions are the process by which the private sec- tor unwinds financial imbalances...
  • ...Absent financial imbalances, recessions happen only after large exogenous shocks.
  • The U.S. private sector is in good financial shape, so near-term recession is unlikely.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

24 Mar 2022 Do Rising Real Yields Signal Fading Faith in the "New Normal"

  • Real yields have risen recently by much more than breakevens; is faith in the "new normal" crumbling?
  • If productivity growth is mean-reverting to 2%-plus, real yields have much further to rise.
  • Downside risk to headline February durable goods orders, but the the core should be solid.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

21 Mar 2022. The Housing Market is Starting to Roll Over; Soaring Rates are Hurting

  • Home sales have much further to fall as the surge in rates bites; payments are up 27% since September.
  • Falling sales will hit economic growth, at the margin, but rising supply will dampen price gains...
  • ...And slowing price increases eventually will feed into slowing rent inflation, but likely not until next year.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

17 Mar 2022 The Fed's Intent is Clear, but Risks Abound, in Both Directions

  • The Fed's plan to hike seven times this year is based on inflation forecasts which look too bearish…
  • …But longer-run rate forecasts look too optimistic; perhaps because no one now wants to talk about r*.
  • Retail sales data show consumers not fazed by Omicron; downside risk for February IP data today. 

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

16 Mar 2022 Look for Five or Six 2022 FOMC Dots, but no Runoff Announcement Yet

  • Rates to rise by 25bp today, with five dots, at least, likely for 2022 as inflation forecasts rise...
  • Chair Powell will repeat his willingness to hike more quickly if needed, but no runoff announcement yet.
  • February's core retail sales numbers likely were were OK; headline constrained by a drop in auto sales.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

18 Feb 2022 A Substantial Housing Slowdown is Just a Matter of Time

  • Existing home sales probably fell in January, but this it not the start of the hit from higher rates.
  • The Philly Fed suggests that manufacturing growth is slowing, and supply pressures are easing.
  • The index of leading indicators is set to surprise massively to the downside today, thanks to Omicron.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

17 Feb 2022 No Decisions Made at the January FOMC, Opinions Appear Split

  • The FOMC is divided on the pace and timing of the coming policy tightening.
  • The huge rebound in January retail sales will lift Q1 growth forecasts, but uncertainty still rules.
  • Housing demand is softening, pushing down the leading components in the NAHB survey.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

16 Feb 2022 Expect a Big Jump in Headline January Retail Sales; Core is Wild

  • A gratifyingly huge leap in auto sales likely will flatter today's headline January retail sales...
  • The core will be mixed, but we hope falling restaurant sales were offset by gains elsewhere.
  • A weather-driven leap in utility output likely will hide soft January manufacturing data.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

9 Feb 2022 Mortgage Demand is Starting to Soften in the Face of Higher Rates

  • Higher mortgage rates are starting to depress demand; home sales will fall through mid-year, at least.
  • Falling demand and rising inventory will slow price gains and, eventually, dampen rent pressures.
  • The NFIB survey hints that the labor market might be easing a bit, at the margin.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

21 Jan 2022 Housing Demand is Set to Weaken as Higher Mortgage Rates Bite

  • The housing story in the second half of last year, with demand rising, and inventory low, is about to change.
  • Higher mortgage rates will reduce the number of potential buyers, and sellers will have less power.
  • The surge in jobless claims last week likely reflects the Omicron hit; it will be short, but just how short?

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

24 Dec 2021 While We're Out, Omicron Cases will Rocket, but don't Worry, Much

  • Omicron cases likely will double over the holidays, but what matters is hospitalizations...
  • ...A clear increase is inevitable, but pressure on hospi- tals will be less intense that in the January 2021 wave.
  • Don't worry about November's soft core capex orders and new home sales numbers; noise not signal.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

23 Dec 2021 Core PCE Inflation Rose Again in November, Peaking in February

  • Core PCE probably hit a 32-year high in November, but it has further to rise before peaking in February.
  • Core capital goods orders are rising, but higher inflation is eating into the gains in real terms.
  • Upside risk for November new home sales, given the sustained surge in mortgage applications.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

17 Dec 2021 The Omicron Wave will Hit Activity Hard, but not for Long; we Hope

The U.K.'s exponential leap in Covid cases and plunge in services activity is coming to the U.S., soon.

We hope the Omicron wave will be brief, but it is cer- tain to be severe, at least in terms of cases.

The robust industrial recovery continues, with every chance of further increases in output in Q1.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

16 Dec 2021 Faster Tapering, and Faster Hikes

The Fed's tapering and rate hike plans assume only a modest hit from Omicron; we hope they're right.

Chair Powell emphasised the threat from rapid wage gains; all eyes on labor participation, and the Q4 ECI.

The abrupt slowing in core retail sales in November is no big deal; a correction was due after rapid gains.



Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

15 Dec 2021 The FOMC is Set to Accelerate the Taper, and to Project Two 2022 Hikes

The Fed will announce faster tapering today, opening the door to a rate hike in the spring.

The dotplot likely will show two rate hikes in 2022, triggered by the run of upside inflation surprises.

Core retail sales likely undershot consensus in November, but the trend is still strong.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

14 Dec 2021 Brace for Higher Core PPI Inflation, but the Peak is not Far Off

Core PPI inflation has further to rise, but it should start to fall in January.

The details of the NFIB survey are more important than the headline index...

...Look out for strength in capex plans, and a modest rise in selling prices, lifted by gas prices.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

1 Dec 2021 Upside Risk for November ADP Employment as Delta Hit Fades

  • ADP's November employment number likely will be boosted by the fading drag from the Delta variant.
  • Chair Powell has retired "transitory", and kicked open the door to faster tapering, Omicron permitting.
  • The November ISM likely will signal a modest easing in supply pressures; auto sales up again?

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

20 Oct 2021 Does the Pause in Globalization Threaten U.S. Inflation Post-Covid?

  • Unit labor costs are key to the U.S. inflation story, but global factors matter too...
  • ...If China is no longer a source of disinflation pressure, the Fed will have less room for labor cost maneuver.
  • Ignore the decline in September housing construc- tion; it's much more noise than signal.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

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