Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

wages

3 Nov 2022 UK Monitor How will the Chancellor Shave £25B from Government Spending

  • To save £50B, real government spending in 2025/26 will need to be about 1.2% lower than in 2022/23.
  • Investment cuts could plausibly save £11B, while £5B can be saved by ditching a planned rise in overseas aid.
  • Mr. Hunt likely also will resort to raising benefits in April in line with wages rather than prices, saving a further £5B.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Mortgage Refinancing Set to Deliver a 1pp hit to Disposable Incomes in 2023

  • The effective interest rate for all mortgages has risen only slowly to date, but now looks set to soar...
  • ...As a rising number of borrowers refinance, and as lenders respond to the further jump in risk-free rates.
  • Expect a 1pp disposable income hit in 2023 if Bank Rate tops 4%, or a 0.7pp drag if Bank Rate tracks our forecast.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 Sept 2022 UK Monitor The Improved Inflation Outlook Implies the MPC will Stick to a 50bp Hike

  • We think the MPC will raise Bank Rate by 50bp next week, despite other central banks rushing ahead...
  • ...Q3 GDP is set to undershoot the MPC’s latest forecast, while the inflation outlook has improved greatly.
  • Proposed tax cuts are too small to move the inflation needle, and likely will be partly funded by spending cuts.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Will the Better News on CPI Inflation Keep Coming?

  • The month-to-month change in the August core CPI exceeded its seasonal norm by the least this year.
  • The recent decline in commodity prices suggests core CPI inflation will fall sharply next year.
  • Services inflation will be stickier, but the current support from energy price rises and VAT changes will fade.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Wage Growth Remains too High for the MPC, But that will Change in 2023

  • Employment has stopped rising, but labour market slack hasn't accumulated, due to increasing inactivity.
  • We expect labour demand to remain flat but the workforce to grow, as immigration and participation recover.
  • For now, wage growth is too hot for the MPC, but building slack and falling CPI inflation will slow it in 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Labour Market and Retail Sales Data to Persuade the MPC to be Cautious

  • Business surveys and vacancy data point to another negligible rise in payroll employees in August.
  • Wage growth likely remained slightly too strong for the MPC, but probably didn't gain more momentum.
  • BRC data point to a below-consensus fall in retail sales in August; the MPC won't up the hiking pace.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Lifting Our Bank Rate Forecast, Despite a Looming Recession

  • The jump in energy prices in August means we now expect CPI inflation to peak just above 16% in April 2023.
  • Wage and inflation expectations have risen too, so we now see 50bp rate hikes in September and November.
  • Extra fiscal support likely won't stop a consumer down- turn; an early 2023 recession has become our base case.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

22 Aug 2022 UK Monitor How Much Longer Can Consumers Hold the Line?

Retail sales edged up in July and will benefit in August from Cost of Living grants and the NI threshold hike.

October's energy bill increase will hit real incomes by nearly 4pp; current grants will offset only half that hit...

...But the next PM likely will beef up and extend the current grants sufficiently to prevent a recession.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Labour Market Slack will Continue to Build, Easing Wage Pressures

Growth in employment in the three months to June undershot the consensus by the most in nearly two years.

The workforce, by contrast, is finally picking up, assisted by a recovery in immigration, which will be maintained.

Vacancy and payroll employee data indicate labour demand is stagnating; unemployment will rise further.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The Unemployment Rate will Rise Sooner than the MPC Expects

The MPC currently expects the unemployment rate to remain well below 4% until Q3 2023...

...But timely indicators suggest demand for labour already is cooling, just as supply is starting to recover.

We expect the unemployment rate to rise above 4% before year-end, keeping a lid on wages and rate hikes.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

2 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Fiscal Policy and Lower Saving Likely to Avert Recession

We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.

But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.

People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 July 2022 U.K. Monitor Retail Sales Will Recover in Q3, but this will be a False Dawn

Retail sales fell by 1.2% quarter-on-quarter in Q2, as households reduced big-ticket discretionary purchases.

Real household disposable income looks set to rise in Q3, thanks to government support measures.

But even if Ms. Truss pushes through her tax cuts, incomes will drop back in the winter, impeding sales.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 July 2022 UK Monitor A Balanced Current Budget won't be Seen Again if Ms. Truss Becomes PM

Accrued debt interest looks set to top the OBR’s forecast by £21B this year, and £15B in the medium term...

...This leaves insufficient headroom for Ms. Truss to de- liver her tax cuts and still run a balanced current budget.

Labour supply has not been hit by April’s increase in NI contributions; reversing it won't be self-funding.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 July 2022 Reviving Workforce Growth Eases the Pressure for Large Rate Hikes

The Governor emphasised at Mansion House that the drop in the workforce has been a key driver of rate rises.

So its 0.8% 3m/3m rise in May, the largest since 1984, should ensure the MPC sticks to a 25bp hike in August.

The workforce has scope to rebound further, while vacancy and survey data imply job growth will slow.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

13 July 2022 Expect More Signs of a Loosening Labour Market Next Week

We think employment grew at a steady 0.5% threemonth-on-three-month pace in May.

But expect even faster growth in the workforce to mean that the unemployment rate edged up again.

Surveys suggest wage growth had no more momentum in May than in prior months.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

8 July 2022 The Plunge in Commodity Prices has Improved the 2023 Inflation Outlook

June's Decision Maker Panel Survey shows firms' expectations for price and wage rises have increased.

But households' inflation expectations have fallen back, and more importantly, commodity prices have plunged.

Core goods CPI inflation will turn negative next year, helping to return the headline rate to 2% by late 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

7 July 2022 Medium-term Economic Prospects could be Brighter with a New PM

The potential medium-term gains might make the nearterm stasis caused by a new Tory leader contest worth it.

A more pragmatic approach to E.U. relations would lift exports and capex; supply-side reforms are overdue.

A snap election isn't likely, given the big majority a new leader would inherit and the poor economic backdrop.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 July 2022 Forecast Review: The Inflation Roller Coaster has Become Even Steeper

The MPC and consensus still aren't downbeat enough on Q2 GDP; we look for a 0.7% quarter-on-quarter drop.

CPI inflation now looks set to approach 11% in October, driven by further huge rises in food and energy prices...

...But wage growth and inflation expectations haven’t risen, while producer price inflation now is set to plunge.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

30 June 2022 Services Inflation is High Only Due to Energy Price Rises and Tax Changes

Rising energy prices likely accounted for 1.6 percentage points of May's 4.9% rate of services CPI inflation.

While the jump in the VAT rate for the hospitality and recreation sector likely has lifted it by a further 0.6pp.

Underlying services inflation, therefore, only just exceeds its 2.5% average rate in the second half of the 2010s.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 June 2022 House Prices Now Likely to Fall in H2, Due to the Surge in Mortgage Rates

Mortgage rates have surged in recent months, but still have a lot further to rise over the summer.

Monthly mortgage payments for the average borrower will be £300 higher in July than at the end of 2021.

Prices will be supported by the solid labour market and savings, but the hit from higher rates will dominate.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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