Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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vat

16 May 2022 Net Upside Risk to the MPC's 9.1% Forecast for April CPI Inflation

CPI inflation likely soared to 9.2% in April, from 7.0% in March, largely due to the jump in the energy price cap.

BRC data are consistent with another large rise in core goods prices, while services prices likely shot up too...

...In response to the hospitality VAT hike, big increases in phone contract prices, and an Easter boost to airfares.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 May 2022 Forecast Review, The Near-Term Outlook for GDP Has Worsened

The near-term outlook for households' real disposable income looks bleak; we still expect GDP to drop in Q2.

A recession, however, isn't our base case; people have ample scope to draw on savings and to borrow more.

We now Bank Rate to top out at 1.25% this year, not 1.00%, but still think markets have lost the plot.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 Apr 2022 CPI Inflation will Fall Next Year Almost as Sharply as it Has Climbed

We look for two further 25bp increases in Bank Rate this year, not one, after March's jump in CPI inflation.

CPI inflation looks set to peak at about 9% in April and remain above 8% until the very end of this year.

But energy and core goods inflation will plunge next year; the MPC needn't be as active as markets expect.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Apr 2022 February's Weak GDP Growth Rate will Become the Norm

GDP rose by 0.1% m/m in February, despite a rebound in private sector activity, due to falling Covid spending.

Healthcare output will fall further, while the momentum in the private sector will slow as real incomes decline.

We look for a 0.4% quarter-on-quarter drop in GDP in Q2; the extra public holiday will add to these headwinds.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 Mar 2022 CPI Inflation Still Set to Exceed 8% Comfortably, Despite Budget Tweaks

  • February's CPI inflation data won't panic the MPC, services inflation merely matched its long-run average.
  • The further surge in oil prices and producer prices suggests that CPI inflation will rise to 8.6% in April...
  • ...and will rise to a similar rate in October, after easing in Q3; the MPC, however, will worry more about demand.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Mar 2022 The Next Election is too Distant for a Very Stimulative Spring Statement

  • We expect the OBR to revise up its "pre-measures"2022/23 public borrowing forecast by £3B to £86B...
  • ...But Mr. Sunak's headroom in meeting his three-year ahead rules will not decline; inflation will ease in time.
  • The Chancellor, however, will want to preserve this headroom to cut taxes just before the next election.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Feb 2022 Inflation Data Bolster the Case for Rate Hikes, but not 50bp in One Go

  • January's 5.5% rate of CPI inflation only just exceeded the MPC's 5.4% forecast; the surprise was all in goods.
  • Services inflation is only slightly above its long-run average; the MPC needn't panic.
  • The headline rate likely will peak at 7.7% in April, but then fall swiftly, potentially undershooting the target in 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Feb 2022 January CPI Inflation to Maintain the Pressure on the MPC

  • We think CPI inflation rose by 0.1pp to 5.5% in January, but annual weight changes increase the uncertainty.
  • Core goods prices surely leapt; data from the Eurozone and the U.K.'s BRC point to a very large increase.
  • A base effect likely depressed accommodation services inflation, but wider services inflation is trending up.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

26 Jan 2022 Surging Interest Costs Won't Stop Sunak Easing the Real Wage Squeeze

  • Public borrowing in 2021/22 looks set to come in at about £170B, £13B below the OBR's Budget forecast.
  • The hit from higher interest payments will exceed the windfall from higher-than-forecast GDP in 2022/23...
  • ...But Mr. Sunak built some wriggle room into his plans; he can intervene on energy prices and meet his targets.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

20 Jan 2022 The MPC will React Immediately to December's Blowout CPI Figure

  • We are bringing forward our forecast for the next two increases in Bank Rate, following December's CPI data.
  • While food, energy and goods prices are mainly to blame for high inflation, services inflation has risen too.
  • CPI inflation, however, will fall sharply in H2 and should be below target in 2023, curtailing the hiking cycle.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Jan 2022 What Would Government Energy Price Intervention Mean for Inflation

  • The default tariff energy price cap looks set to rise by 47% in April, pushing up CPI inflation to 6.2%.
  • The rise will be larger, if suppliers are immediately compensated for acquiring failed competitors' customers.
  • Removing VAT would limit the inflation peak to 6.0%; a supplier loan scheme could have a bigger impact.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 Dec 2021 Subdued Services Inflation Gives the MPC Time to Wait for Omicron

November's 5.1% CPI inflation rate was 0.6pp above the forecast made by the MPC only last month...

...But high inflation is due to surging energy and goods prices; underlying services inflation remains subdued.

We expect the headline rate to peak at 6.0% in April, but then to fall sharply, slipping below-target in 2023.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

9 Dec 2021 CPI Inflation Likely Exceeded the MPC's Forecast, Again, in November

  • CPI inflation likely rose to 4.8% in November—0.3pp above the MPC's forecast—from 4.2% in October.
  • Used car prices still are rising rapidly, while supermar- kets are passing on higher food prices to shoppers.
  • Tobacco prices were lifted by a duty hike, while cloth- ing CPI inflation likely was boosted by a base effect.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Dec 2021 If Omicron Were Vaccine-Resistant, What Would the MPC do Next?

  • The MPC would ease monetary policy again in the unlikely event that another lockdown is imposed.
  • Fiscal policy would be less supportive than in previous lockdowns; new curbs would dampen inflation.
  • Negative rates are in the toolkit and are preferred to more QE; Bank Rate likely would be cut to -0.25%.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Nov 2021 October's CPI Data Tip the Scales Towards a December Rate Hike

  • October's 4.2% rate of CPI inflation was well above the MPC's 3.9% forecast; such a large error margin is rare.
  • The upside surprise came from the core, and will carry over to future months; April's peak looks set to top 5%.
  • Mean-reversion in energy and goods prices, however, should ensure that CPI inflation dips below 2% in 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Nov 2021 October's CPI Inflation Print Likely Will Exceeded the Consensus

  • Energy prices likely were the key driver of higher CPI inflation in October, but the core rate probably rose too.
  • Used car prices rocketed again, while data from the BRC point to a chunky rise in clothing prices.
  • Hospitality firms probably raised prices in response to the VAT hike; the boost is uncertain but likely large.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Nov 2021 Forecast Review: Rate Hikes Loom Closer, But Not This Week

  • The near-term outlook for GDP has worsened, but 2022 looks a little brighter in the wake of the Budget.
  • Higher energy prices mean we have revised up our forecast for CPI inflation in 2022 to 3.6%, from 3.4%.
  • We now expect two rate hikes, not one, in the next 12 months, but still anticipate no change this week.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Oct 2021 Plenty of Ammo for the MPC's Doves in September's CPI Report

  • The MPC's preferred measure of underlying services inflation merely matched its 2010s average in September.
  • CPI inflation is on course to rise to a peak of about 4.8% in April, from 3.1% in September...
  • ...But the rise will be driven largely by higher energy prices; core inflation should remain well-behaved.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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