Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

savings

10 Nov 2022 UK Monitor Autumn Statement Preview: Austerity Measures Likely to Kick In Next Year

  • Mr. Hunt needs to find £50B in savings by 2025/26 to meet the target of a falling debt ratio in that year.
  • We expect a third of that consolidation to come in 2023/24; gilt investors will want some upfront progress.
  • Spending cuts will bear more of the strain in the long term, but Mr. Hunt likely will reimpose the NI hike in April.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Oct 2022 UK Monitor The Chancellor has Picked the Low-Hanging Fruit; Further Cuts will Hurt

  • The new Chancellor’s quick actions have reduced the outlook for public borrowing in 2025/26 by £35B...
  • ...But he needs to find at least £39B more savings to ensure the debt-to-GDP ratio is falling in three years’ time.
  • CPI inflation likely increased to 10.1% in September, from 9.9% in August, slightly above the consensus, 10.0%.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Oct 2022 UK Monitor Will Households Ever Deplete their Excess Savings Meaningfully

  • Households have not materially depleted the additional savings they accumulated during the pandemic, yet.
  • In real terms, excess savings no longer look impressive, and the distribution has worsened over the last year.
  • Households likely will increasingly use savings to pay off debt, in response to the jump in mortgage rates.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Lifting Our Bank Rate Forecast, Despite a Looming Recession

  • The jump in energy prices in August means we now expect CPI inflation to peak just above 16% in April 2023.
  • Wage and inflation expectations have risen too, so we now see 50bp rate hikes in September and November.
  • Extra fiscal support likely won't stop a consumer down- turn; an early 2023 recession has become our base case.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

31 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Government Support Needed to Maintain Real Consumption

  • Households continued to save less and borrow more in July, in order to maintain consumption.
  • Looking ahead, though, people lack the fire-power to withstand future income shocks.
  • We now think a winter recession will be avoided only if the government beefs up financial support massively.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

22 Aug 2022 UK Monitor How Much Longer Can Consumers Hold the Line?

Retail sales edged up in July and will benefit in August from Cost of Living grants and the NI threshold hike.

October's energy bill increase will hit real incomes by nearly 4pp; current grants will offset only half that hit...

...But the next PM likely will beef up and extend the current grants sufficiently to prevent a recession.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Q2 GDP Withstood the Government Spending and Jubilee Drags Well

Q2 GDP would have held steady without the Jubilee and risen by 0.9% q/q if Covid spending hadn't plunged.

The 0.2% q/q drop in households' real expenditure was a good result, given the massive fall in real incomes.

A recession isn't inevitable, provided fiscal support is increased substantially and households draw on savings.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

11 Aug 2022 UK Monitor June Official Data to Confirm the Labour Market No Longer is Tightening

PAYE data, vacancy figures and business surveys all suggest employment growth slowed in June and July.

Labour supply, however, is picking up; the unemployment rate likely was marginally higher in Q2 than in Q1.

Wages likely continued to rise in June at a rate inconsistent with the inflation target, but probably didn't speed up.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The Headwind from Mortgage Refinancing is Set to Intensify

The effective interest rate on the stock of mortgages rose by only 11bp in H1, but will jump by 30bp in H2...

...and by a further 30bp over the course of 2023, if markets are right about the path for risk-free rates.

Firms still are very exposed to movements in short- rates; the transmission mechanism remains powerful.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Surging Mortgage Rates Point to an Outright Drop in House Prices

House purchase demand is falling quickly in response to the jump in mortgage rates and drop in real incomes.

New mortgage rates look set to rise further in Q3, greatly weighing on approvals.

A contraction in supply, however, will prevent a slump in prices; we still forecast a modest 2% decline in H2 2022.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

2 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Fiscal Policy and Lower Saving Likely to Avert Recession

We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.

But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.

People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Will a Household Saving Drawdown Keep a Winter Recession at Bay?

Households saved much less and borrowed more in Q2; real spending, therefore, likely was unchanged from Q1.

On paper, households have ample scope to reduce their saving rate further, but we see several constraints.

Some already have depleted savings, credit conditions are tightening, and deleveraging will be more attractive.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 July 2022 U.K. Monitor Retail Sales Will Recover in Q3, but this will be a False Dawn

Retail sales fell by 1.2% quarter-on-quarter in Q2, as households reduced big-ticket discretionary purchases.

Real household disposable income looks set to rise in Q3, thanks to government support measures.

But even if Ms. Truss pushes through her tax cuts, incomes will drop back in the winter, impeding sales.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 July 2022 UK Monitor A Balanced Current Budget won't be Seen Again if Ms. Truss Becomes PM

Accrued debt interest looks set to top the OBR’s forecast by £21B this year, and £15B in the medium term...

...This leaves insufficient headroom for Ms. Truss to de- liver her tax cuts and still run a balanced current budget.

Labour supply has not been hit by April’s increase in NI contributions; reversing it won't be self-funding.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 July 2022 UK Monitor June's CPI Data Unlikely to Spur the MPC to Hike by 50bp Next Month

The headline rate of CPI inflation topped the MPC forecast in June, due to higher motor fuel and food prices.

But the core rate fell, undershooting its forecast, as retailers struggled to pass on higher producer prices.

Core CPI inflation will fall sharply early next year, when recent falls in commodity prices will feed through.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 July 2022 We Still Expect a Contraction in GDP in Q2, Despite the Sharp Rise in May

May’s rise in GDP was driven by a surge in doctor appointments-

really-and a jump in manufacturing output.

Consumer services firms struggled and will remain under pressure as households’ real incomes fell further.

June’s extra bank holiday also will dampen Q2 GDP, we expect a quarter-on-quarter contraction of 0.3%.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

13 July 2022 Expect More Signs of a Loosening Labour Market Next Week

We think employment grew at a steady 0.5% threemonth-on-three-month pace in May.

But expect even faster growth in the workforce to mean that the unemployment rate edged up again.

Surveys suggest wage growth had no more momentum in May than in prior months.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

8 July 2022 The Plunge in Commodity Prices has Improved the 2023 Inflation Outlook

June's Decision Maker Panel Survey shows firms' expectations for price and wage rises have increased.

But households' inflation expectations have fallen back, and more importantly, commodity prices have plunged.

Core goods CPI inflation will turn negative next year, helping to return the headline rate to 2% by late 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 July 2022 Households' Didn't Reduce their Saving Enough in Q2 to Stop Spending Falling

Households have not saved sufficiently less in Q2 to offset the hit to spending from the huge real income drop.

The high level of ad-hoc mortgage and unsecured debt repayments shows households remain cautious.

Households usually slash their saving rate when total financial wealth is growing quickly; it is barely rising now.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 July 2022 Most of Q1's Increase in GDP Likely was Reversed in Q2

The first quarter’s rise in GDP has brittle foundations; households have had to retrench in Q2.

The support to GDP growth from restocking will fade; firms now have enough inventory to meet demand.

A recession, however, isn’t likely; households’ real dis- posable incomes will rise in Q3, and capex will recover.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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