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Retail sales edged up in July and will benefit in August from Cost of Living grants and the NI threshold hike.
October's energy bill increase will hit real incomes by nearly 4pp; current grants will offset only half that hit...
...But the next PM likely will beef up and extend the current grants sufficiently to prevent a recession.
Q2 GDP would have held steady without the Jubilee and risen by 0.9% q/q if Covid spending hadn't plunged.
The 0.2% q/q drop in households' real expenditure was a good result, given the massive fall in real incomes.
A recession isn't inevitable, provided fiscal support is increased substantially and households draw on savings.
PAYE data, vacancy figures and business surveys all suggest employment growth slowed in June and July.
Labour supply, however, is picking up; the unemployment rate likely was marginally higher in Q2 than in Q1.
Wages likely continued to rise in June at a rate inconsistent with the inflation target, but probably didn't speed up.
The effective interest rate on the stock of mortgages rose by only 11bp in H1, but will jump by 30bp in H2...
...and by a further 30bp over the course of 2023, if markets are right about the path for risk-free rates.
Firms still are very exposed to movements in short- rates; the transmission mechanism remains powerful.
House purchase demand is falling quickly in response to the jump in mortgage rates and drop in real incomes.
New mortgage rates look set to rise further in Q3, greatly weighing on approvals.
A contraction in supply, however, will prevent a slump in prices; we still forecast a modest 2% decline in H2 2022.
We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.
But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.
People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.
Households saved much less and borrowed more in Q2; real spending, therefore, likely was unchanged from Q1.
On paper, households have ample scope to reduce their saving rate further, but we see several constraints.
Some already have depleted savings, credit conditions are tightening, and deleveraging will be more attractive.
Retail sales fell by 1.2% quarter-on-quarter in Q2, as households reduced big-ticket discretionary purchases.
Real household disposable income looks set to rise in Q3, thanks to government support measures.
But even if Ms. Truss pushes through her tax cuts, incomes will drop back in the winter, impeding sales.
Accrued debt interest looks set to top the OBR’s forecast by £21B this year, and £15B in the medium term...
...This leaves insufficient headroom for Ms. Truss to de- liver her tax cuts and still run a balanced current budget.
Labour supply has not been hit by April’s increase in NI contributions; reversing it won't be self-funding.
The headline rate of CPI inflation topped the MPC forecast in June, due to higher motor fuel and food prices.
But the core rate fell, undershooting its forecast, as retailers struggled to pass on higher producer prices.
Core CPI inflation will fall sharply early next year, when recent falls in commodity prices will feed through.
May’s rise in GDP was driven by a surge in doctor appointments-
really-and a jump in manufacturing output.
Consumer services firms struggled and will remain under pressure as households’ real incomes fell further.
June’s extra bank holiday also will dampen Q2 GDP, we expect a quarter-on-quarter contraction of 0.3%.
We think employment grew at a steady 0.5% threemonth-on-three-month pace in May.
But expect even faster growth in the workforce to mean that the unemployment rate edged up again.
Surveys suggest wage growth had no more momentum in May than in prior months.
June's Decision Maker Panel Survey shows firms' expectations for price and wage rises have increased.
But households' inflation expectations have fallen back, and more importantly, commodity prices have plunged.
Core goods CPI inflation will turn negative next year, helping to return the headline rate to 2% by late 2023.
Households have not saved sufficiently less in Q2 to offset the hit to spending from the huge real income drop.
The high level of ad-hoc mortgage and unsecured debt repayments shows households remain cautious.
Households usually slash their saving rate when total financial wealth is growing quickly; it is barely rising now.
The first quarter’s rise in GDP has brittle foundations; households have had to retrench in Q2.
The support to GDP growth from restocking will fade; firms now have enough inventory to meet demand.
A recession, however, isn’t likely; households’ real dis- posable incomes will rise in Q3, and capex will recover.
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