Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

monetary policy

20 Jan 2022 The MPC will React Immediately to December's Blowout CPI Figure

  • We are bringing forward our forecast for the next two increases in Bank Rate, following December's CPI data.
  • While food, energy and goods prices are mainly to blame for high inflation, services inflation has risen too.
  • CPI inflation, however, will fall sharply in H2 and should be below target in 2023, curtailing the hiking cycle.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Jan 2022 Markets and Economy Likely to be Little Moved if Mr. Johnson is Ousted

  • The Tories now trail Labour by 10pp in the polls; a no-confidence vote in Johnson is a growing possibility.
  • Markets probably would prefer a more predictable successor who had a less combative Brexit stance...
  • ...But the gap between the Tories and Labour on economic policy has narrowed.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 Jan 2022 CPI inflation Likely was Stable in December, to the MPC's Relief

  • CPI inflation probably was unchanged at 5.1% in December, giving the MPC some breathing space.
  • Pick-ups in food and used car price inflation likely were offset by falls in the tobacco and clothing components.
  • The seasonal surge in plane ticket prices will boost the CPI less than usual, because its weight has shrunk.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Jan 2022 The Omicron Peak has Passed, Teeing up GDP to Rebound in February

  • Omicron cases have peaked and hospital admissions will too soon, at only half their January 2021 peak.
  • We now expect Plan B rules to expire on January 26, rather than be extended for another month...
  • ...So we are revising up our forecast for quarter-on-quarter GDP growth in Q1 to 0.2%, from zero.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Jan 2022 Lower Saving Reflects Inflation Pressure, not Reviving Confidence

  • The return of monthly saving to pre-Covid levels is a sign of the real income squeeze, not surging spending.
  • The recent surge in house prices, however, is enabling refinancing homeowners to access lower interest rates.
  • Firms continued to repay external borrowing in November, but we remain upbeat on the capex outlook.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

23 Dec 2021 The U.K. Economy Still is Among the Hardest-Hit in the G7

  • Quarter-on-quarter GDP growth was revised to 1.1% in Q3, from 1.3%, due to GFCF and public spending.
  • The shortfall in U.K. GDP from its pre-Covid Q4 2019 peak still is among the biggest in the G7.
  • Omicron, on top of falling households' real incomes and Brexit, will limit GDP growth in 2022.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

17 Dec 2021 The MPC will Give the Economy Breathing Space Before Hiking Again

Markets now expect the MPC to hike Bank Rate to 0.50% in February, following today's surprise hike.

Most members, however, thought the decision was "finely balanced" and see a "modest" tightening ahead.

Omicron won't just have short-term effects if the MPC hikes again and pushes firms over the edge.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

16 Dec 2021 Subdued Services Inflation Gives the MPC Time to Wait for Omicron

November's 5.1% CPI inflation rate was 0.6pp above the forecast made by the MPC only last month...

...But high inflation is due to surging energy and goods prices; underlying services inflation remains subdued.

We expect the headline rate to peak at 6.0% in April, but then to fall sharply, slipping below-target in 2023.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

10 Dec 2021 Omicron Damage Likely to Delay the First MPC Rate Hike Until March

  • The MPC likely will hold back from raising Bank Rate next week, despite several upside data surprises.
  • We are cutting our forecast for quarter-on-quarter GDP growth in Q1 to 0.3%, from 0.8%, due to Omicron.
  • The Covid situation won't be better in early February; the March meeting is a better bet for the first rate hike.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 Dec 2021 CPI Inflation Likely Exceeded the MPC's Forecast, Again, in November

  • CPI inflation likely rose to 4.8% in November—0.3pp above the MPC's forecast—from 4.2% in October.
  • Used car prices still are rising rapidly, while supermar- kets are passing on higher food prices to shoppers.
  • Tobacco prices were lifted by a duty hike, while cloth- ing CPI inflation likely was boosted by a base effect.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Dec 2021 If Omicron Were Vaccine-Resistant, What Would the MPC do Next?

  • The MPC would ease monetary policy again in the unlikely event that another lockdown is imposed.
  • Fiscal policy would be less supportive than in previous lockdowns; new curbs would dampen inflation.
  • Negative rates are in the toolkit and are preferred to more QE; Bank Rate likely would be cut to -0.25%.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

2 Dec 2021 Could the Economy Cope Next Year with the Rate Hike Markets Expect?

  • Markets expect the MPC to hike Bank Rate by nearly 100bp next year, the most in one year since 2007.
  • Rising mortgage rates likely would subtract just 0.1pp from households' disposable incomes next year...
  • ...But house prices would flatline, so 100bp is on the limit of feasibility; Omicron brings downside risks.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

29 Nov 2021 Forecast Review: MPC Caught Between Higher Inflation and Omicron

  • Recent activity data have surprised to the upside, but the Omicron variant casts a shadow over Q1.
  • The near-term path for inflation looks much higher than a month ago, after October's above-consensus data.
  • The MPC likely will hike Bank Rate in December, but markets' expected 2022 rate path looks far too steep.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 Nov 2021 Business Investment Held Back by Supply Side Constraints

  • Capex failed to pick up at all in Q3, as firms struggled to get their hands on transport equipment.
  • Firms, however, appear keen to invest and have the financial resources, so a rebound remains likely.
  • We expect capex to rise by about 10% in 2022 and 4% in 2023, eventually returning to 2019's level.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 Nov 2021 MPC Members are Keeping their Options Open, No Matter the Data

  • MPC members Bailey and Pill are sitting on the fence, despite last week's upside data surprises.
  • In a weekend paper interview, the Governor highlighted the public sector's role in driving the recovery.
  • We put the odds of a December rate hike at 60%, well below the 80-to-90% range priced by markets.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Nov 2021 October's CPI Data Tip the Scales Towards a December Rate Hike

  • October's 4.2% rate of CPI inflation was well above the MPC's 3.9% forecast; such a large error margin is rare.
  • The upside surprise came from the core, and will carry over to future months; April's peak looks set to top 5%.
  • Mean-reversion in energy and goods prices, however, should ensure that CPI inflation dips below 2% in 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Nov 2021 October's CPI Inflation Print Likely Will Exceeded the Consensus

  • Energy prices likely were the key driver of higher CPI inflation in October, but the core rate probably rose too.
  • Used car prices rocketed again, while data from the BRC point to a chunky rise in clothing prices.
  • Hospitality firms probably raised prices in response to the VAT hike; the boost is uncertain but likely large.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Nov 2021 Weak GDP Growth in Q3 Leaves the U.K. as the G7's Straggler Again

  • U.K. GDP was 2.1% below its Q4 2019 level in Q3, exceeding the shortfalls seen in other G7 counties.
  • Households have continued to spend more cautiously than those abroad; high virus levels are partly to blame.
  • Brexit also has contributed to the continued underper- formance; exports were 17% below their 2019 average.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Nov 2021 Markets Jolted Back to Reality by a Cautious MPC

  • On balance, we still think the MPC won't act next month; Mr. Bailey hinted October's labour data may not suffice.
  • The MPC's inflation forecasts seemingly support markets' view that rates will rise to 1.0% by the end of 2022...
  • ...But they are based on implausible energy price figures; its spare capacity forecasts point to a lower rate path.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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