Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

jobs

19 Jan 2022 How Much Longer Will the Employment Miracle Last?

  • Employment has continued to rise, despite the withdrawal of the furlough scheme and the Omicron hit...
  • ...But growth will slow soon; few people who want a job don't have one, while employment taxes will rise in April.
  • Wage growth has cooled, despite the tight job market; real wages look set to fall sharply this year.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

13 Jan 2022 Job Moves to Revert to Normal Levels this Year, Dampening Wage Growth

  • The proportion of workers changing jobs surged in 2021 to reach its highest level in the past 20 years...
  • ...But lower confidence and a sluggish housing market will drive job moves back to pre-Covid norms this year.
  • Job-to-job moves also will trend down in the 2020s as the population ages, bearing down on wage growth.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

15 Dec 2021 Labour Market to Warrant Gradual Rate Hikes, Once Omicron Wanes

The unemployment rate continued to fall in October, despite the end of the furlough scheme.
Some full-time workers have become part-timers post-furlough, but they don't seem to want more hours.
Wage growth, however, slowed to a below-inflation rate in October; the real wage squeeze will get worse.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

3 Dec 2021 If Omicron Were Vaccine-Resistant, What Would the MPC do Next?

  • The MPC would ease monetary policy again in the unlikely event that another lockdown is imposed.
  • Fiscal policy would be less supportive than in previous lockdowns; new curbs would dampen inflation.
  • Negative rates are in the toolkit and are preferred to more QE; Bank Rate likely would be cut to -0.25%.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 Nov 2021 Q4 Retail Sales won't be Stellar, Despite October's Good Start

  • October's rise in retail sales volumes was driven solely by people buying Christmas presents earlier than usual.
  • Consumers' confidence recovered in November, but still is below-average, and will drift down over the winter.
  • A large minority of people remain fearful of Covid; rising cases likely will instil greater caution over the winter.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Nov 2021 Relief on Unemployment, but Still No Clarity on Wider Labour Market Slack

  • The 0.6% m/m rise in payroll employee numbers in October implies unemployment didn't rise post-furlough...
  • ...But the drop in median pay in October suggests many furloughed staff have returned only part-time.
  • Year-over-year growth in wages continued to slow in September; no sign of a wage-price spiral forming.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

11 Nov 2021 October Payroll Employee Data to Help Gauge Furlough Scheme Fallout

  • Payroll employee numbers likely increased again in October, but not quite as strongly as in Q3.
  • The data, however, will not gauge underemployment; October's LFS data, released in December, remain key.
  • The recent drop in Covid-19 cases has largely been driven by school holidays; expect a renewed rise soon.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

9 Nov 2021 Is it Already Clear the End of the Furlough Scheme has been Painless?

  • Nearly 4% of all staff still were furloughed in September, yet redundancies appear to have remained low.
  • Involuntarily part-time working, however, likely became much more widespread in Q4.
  • October's labour market data will be partial and might not offset concerns about the recovery's strength.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

29 Oct 2021 Higher Government Spending to Force the MPC's Hand, but Not Yet

  • The MPC's view the output gap has closed means it must counter plans for higher government spending.
  • But the Committee can wait until 2022 to act; the recovery is faltering, and underlying inflation is not high.
  • The MPC will see key jobs data if it waits until December; higher rates are coming, but not just yet.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Oct 2021 How Much Weight will the MPC Place on Inflation Expectations?

  • Markets see a 50% chance of the MPC hiking Bank Rate next month; December viewed as a done deal.
  • November still seems too early; the MPC saw "a high option value" in waiting for post-furlough jobs data.
  • Inflation expectations exceed the rate implied by current inflation, but this residual isn't a reliable wage signal.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 Sept 2021 Underlying Wage Growth will Slow, Easing the Pressure on the MPC

  • The ONS estimates that underlying year-over-year growth in wages was between 3.6% and 5.1% in July...
  • ...We expect an increase in labour market slack, post-furlough, to push this rate down to about 3.2%.
  • Employers will pass on higher NICs rates to staff, while public sector pay will rise only modestly next year.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Sept 2021 Wages Likely Won't Match Inflation as Slack Builds Post-Furlough

  • Payroll employee numbers returned in August to their pre-Covid peak, but will dip in Q4, after furlough ends.
  • We expect the unemployment rate to rise to 5.0% in Q4, from 4.5% in Q3; slack within firms will build too.
  • Three-month-on-three-month annualised growth in wages fell to 3.2% in July; slack will keep it in check.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 Aug 2021 Labour Shortages will be a Long- Lasting Constraint on GDP

  • Businesses are reporting low inventory in relation to demand, but shops remain well-stocked for now.
  • Labour shortages should fade now that self-isolation rules have eased and the holiday season is nearly over.
  • The workforce, however, is 2.2% below its pre-Covid trend; migration and participation won't fully recover.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Aug 2021 Employment has Risen Briskly, but will Fall Back when Furlough Ends

  • Employee numbers have rebounded since the spring, but total employment is lagging behind.
  • Vacancies are high, but are concentrated in different sectors to those which will see post-furlough layoffs.
  • High inflation and 4-to-5% unemployment didn't lift wage growth in 2017, and probably won't this time.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 July 2021 Employment Likely isn't Rising as Quickly as Business Surveys Imply

Next week's labour market report—released during our summer break—likely will show that employment is growing respectably, rather than spectacularly. 

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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Keywords for: U.K. Documents

U.K. Document Vault, Pantheon Macro, Pantheon Macroeconomics, independent macro research independent research, ian shepherdson, economic intelligence