Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

interest rates

10 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Rate Cuts Next Year? Don't Price Them In Until Q4 2023 at the Earliest

Dave Ramsden is the first MPC member to admit rates might need to be cut "quite quickly" in the medium term.

The cuts currently priced-in by markets from late H2 2023 aren't big enough to lower households' interest bill.

But CPI inflation won't be near the target until Q4 2023; pre-election fiscal stimulus will limit the scope for easing.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The MPC's New Forecasts Challenge Markets' View of Much Higher Rates

The MPC's forecasts signal clearly that markets' medium-term expectations for Bank Rate are too high.

But concerns about persistence in domestic price setting, and looser fiscal policy, will spur further hikes.

We now expect the MPC to raise Bank Rate to 2.00% in September and 2.25% in November, and then to pause.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The Headwind from Mortgage Refinancing is Set to Intensify

The effective interest rate on the stock of mortgages rose by only 11bp in H1, but will jump by 30bp in H2...

...and by a further 30bp over the course of 2023, if markets are right about the path for risk-free rates.

Firms still are very exposed to movements in short- rates; the transmission mechanism remains powerful.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Surging Mortgage Rates Point to an Outright Drop in House Prices

House purchase demand is falling quickly in response to the jump in mortgage rates and drop in real incomes.

New mortgage rates look set to rise further in Q3, greatly weighing on approvals.

A contraction in supply, however, will prevent a slump in prices; we still forecast a modest 2% decline in H2 2022.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

2 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Fiscal Policy and Lower Saving Likely to Avert Recession

We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.

But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.

People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Will a Household Saving Drawdown Keep a Winter Recession at Bay?

Households saved much less and borrowed more in Q2; real spending, therefore, likely was unchanged from Q1.

On paper, households have ample scope to reduce their saving rate further, but we see several constraints.

Some already have depleted savings, credit conditions are tightening, and deleveraging will be more attractive.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 July 2022 UK Monitor Active Gilt Sales Likely will be at the Low End of Bailey's Proposed Range

The BoE is considering active gilt sales that would result in a reduction in the APF of £50B-to-£100B in year one.

This implies active sales of £15B-to-£65B if they begin in Q4; we expect sales at the lower end of that range.

The CBI’s Distributive Trades Survey shows retailers’ stock levels are far too high; discounting will intensify.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 July 2022 UK Monitor PMI Data Imply no Need for the MPC to act "Forcefully" Next Week

PMI data for July show that the recovery in GDP has nearly ground to a halt and inventory is piling up.

Employment growth slowed to a 15-month low, while the pace of input and output price rises eased materially.

On balance, the latest data imply the MPC won't act "forcefully"; market pricing for August is still too high.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 July 2022 UK Monitor A Balanced Current Budget won't be Seen Again if Ms. Truss Becomes PM

Accrued debt interest looks set to top the OBR’s forecast by £21B this year, and £15B in the medium term...

...This leaves insufficient headroom for Ms. Truss to de- liver her tax cuts and still run a balanced current budget.

Labour supply has not been hit by April’s increase in NI contributions; reversing it won't be self-funding.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 July 2022 The MPC Won't be Distracted by Tax Cut Proposals for Now

The tax cut plans of Tory leadership contenders should be treated with a pinch of salt, given past experience.

Tax cuts won't lift GDP, if they are financed partially by spending reductions; the latter have a higher multiplier.

We doubt that even Ms. Truss would take away the BoE's independence.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 July 2022 Business Investment Still Looks Set to Rise, Reducing Recession Risks

Business investment fell in Q1, partly due to supply disruption preventing orders being fulfilled.

But supply shortages are easing, and with Brexit and Covid uncertainty dissipating, capex should rebound.

A renewed rebound in business investment will support GDP growth in the second half of the year.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

5 July 2022 Forecast Review: The Inflation Roller Coaster has Become Even Steeper

The MPC and consensus still aren't downbeat enough on Q2 GDP; we look for a 0.7% quarter-on-quarter drop.

CPI inflation now looks set to approach 11% in October, driven by further huge rises in food and energy prices...

...But wage growth and inflation expectations haven’t risen, while producer price inflation now is set to plunge.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

29 June 2022 Does Higher Inflation than in the Euro- zone Point to a U.K.-Specific Problem?

CPI inflation in May was 1pp higher in the U.K. than in theEurozone; Brexit hasn’t helped but isn’t the main cause.

U.K. core goods prices were depressed more by lock- downs; base effects will lower the U.K.’s rate soon.

The relative strength of U.K. services inflation is due to VAT hikes and a rise in course costs for E.U. students.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 June 2022 House Prices Now Likely to Fall in H2, Due to the Surge in Mortgage Rates

Mortgage rates have surged in recent months, but still have a lot further to rise over the summer.

Monthly mortgage payments for the average borrower will be £300 higher in July than at the end of 2021.

Prices will be supported by the solid labour market and savings, but the hit from higher rates will dominate.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 June 2022 Will Sterling Force the MPC to Stick to a Path of Rapid Rate Hikes?

OIS rates do not accurately reflect investors’ expectations for Bank Rate; a sub-2% peak wouldn’t be a shock.

The outlook for sterling is more closely tied to overall risk sentiment in markets than the outlook for U.K. rates.

Our call that rates will top out at 1.75% assumes positive supply-side developments which will boost risk appetite.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 June 2022 GDP Set to Contract by about 0.7% Q/Q in Q2, after April's Weak Print

April's fall in GDP was driven by Covid spending, but flat private sector GDP caused the downside surprise.

Consumer services firms likely increasingly struggled during Q2, as households' real incomes fell further.

June's extra bank holiday also will dampen Q2 GDP; the MPC has to lower its forecast for 0.1% q/q growth.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

13 June 2022 The MPC will Hike by 25bp, but Won't Signal a 50bp Jump in August

The MPC was clear last month; no more than two 25bp rate hikes would be needed to tame inflation.

Since then, activity indicators have weakened and medium-term inflation expectations have stayed low.

A majority will vote again to hike by 25bp, and investors will be left revising the odds of 50bp in August.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 June 2022 Only Modest Permanent Tax Cuts are Possible Within the Fiscal Rules

The OBR’s March forecasts suggest tax cuts equal to 1.0% of GDP are permissible under the fiscal rules.

But since then, the Treasury’s borrowing costs have risen, reducing scope for tax cuts to 0.7% of GDP.

The Tories will be reluctant to ditch the rules, as this would inhibit their ability to criticise Labour’s plans.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 June 2022 Real Spending Looks Set to Drop as Households Continue to Save More

Households still were unwilling to use their excess savings in April, despite the sharp drop in real incomes.

With excess savings equal to £186B and consumer credit £23B below its peak, consumers still can spend.

But low confidence, the unequal distribution of savings and falling incomes suggests expenditure will dip in Q2.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

20 May 2022 The Start of a More Protracted Slowdown for House Price Growth?

Year-over-year growth in the official measure of house prices fell to 9.8% in March, from 11.3% in February.

Surging mortgage rates and falling real disposable incomes will cause house price growth to slow further.

We expect house prices to level off in H2, leaving the year-over-year rate at around 5% at the end of 2022.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

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