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Retail sales edged up in July and will benefit in August from Cost of Living grants and the NI threshold hike.
October's energy bill increase will hit real incomes by nearly 4pp; current grants will offset only half that hit...
...But the next PM likely will beef up and extend the current grants sufficiently to prevent a recession.
The MPC's forecasts signal clearly that markets' medium-term expectations for Bank Rate are too high.
But concerns about persistence in domestic price setting, and looser fiscal policy, will spur further hikes.
We now expect the MPC to raise Bank Rate to 2.00% in September and 2.25% in November, and then to pause.
The effective interest rate on the stock of mortgages rose by only 11bp in H1, but will jump by 30bp in H2...
...and by a further 30bp over the course of 2023, if markets are right about the path for risk-free rates.
Firms still are very exposed to movements in short- rates; the transmission mechanism remains powerful.
We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.
But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.
People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.
Retail sales fell by 1.2% quarter-on-quarter in Q2, as households reduced big-ticket discretionary purchases.
Real household disposable income looks set to rise in Q3, thanks to government support measures.
But even if Ms. Truss pushes through her tax cuts, incomes will drop back in the winter, impeding sales.
The tax cut plans of Tory leadership contenders should be treated with a pinch of salt, given past experience.
Tax cuts won't lift GDP, if they are financed partially by spending reductions; the latter have a higher multiplier.
We doubt that even Ms. Truss would take away the BoE's independence.
The first quarter’s rise in GDP has brittle foundations; households have had to retrench in Q2.
The support to GDP growth from restocking will fade; firms now have enough inventory to meet demand.
A recession, however, isn’t likely; households’ real dis- posable incomes will rise in Q3, and capex will recover.
Estimates of the distribution of savings can be derived by reconciling data from a few ONS surveys.
Our calculations suggest households in the top 10% of the income distribution hold 25% of the excess savings.
The current wave of rail strikes do not meaningfully increase the risk of a recession this year.
Local election results imply the Tories are not on track to win in 2024, unless they turn the economy around.
Currently planned measures to support households in July and October are too small to move the dial.
Bringing forward April 2023's inflation-linked rise in benefits to October would be simple and well-targeted.
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