Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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income

21 Jan 2022 House Price Growth to Slow in 2022 as Mortgage Rates Rise

  • House price growth remained strong in Q4, despite the return of the SDLT threshold to £125K at the end of Q3.
  • Timely indicators, however, suggest Omicron weighed on buyer demand at the end of the year, and in January.
  • Higher mortgage rates and falling real incomes will cause house price growth to decelerate this year.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

13 Jan 2022 Job Moves to Revert to Normal Levels this Year, Dampening Wage Growth

  • The proportion of workers changing jobs surged in 2021 to reach its highest level in the past 20 years...
  • ...But lower confidence and a sluggish housing market will drive job moves back to pre-Covid norms this year.
  • Job-to-job moves also will trend down in the 2020s as the population ages, bearing down on wage growth.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

5 Jan 2022 Lower Saving Reflects Inflation Pressure, not Reviving Confidence

  • The return of monthly saving to pre-Covid levels is a sign of the real income squeeze, not surging spending.
  • The recent surge in house prices, however, is enabling refinancing homeowners to access lower interest rates.
  • Firms continued to repay external borrowing in November, but we remain upbeat on the capex outlook.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

22 Nov 2021 Q4 Retail Sales won't be Stellar, Despite October's Good Start

  • October's rise in retail sales volumes was driven solely by people buying Christmas presents earlier than usual.
  • Consumers' confidence recovered in November, but still is below-average, and will drift down over the winter.
  • A large minority of people remain fearful of Covid; rising cases likely will instil greater caution over the winter.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Nov 2021 Weak GDP Growth in Q3 Leaves the U.K. as the G7's Straggler Again

  • U.K. GDP was 2.1% below its Q4 2019 level in Q3, exceeding the shortfalls seen in other G7 counties.
  • Households have continued to spend more cautiously than those abroad; high virus levels are partly to blame.
  • Brexit also has contributed to the continued underper- formance; exports were 17% below their 2019 average.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 Nov 2021 Look to the Housing Market, not Interest Payments, for Rate Hike Pain

  • The effective mortgage rate will be just 20bp or so higher at the end of 2022, if markets' Bank Rate view is right.
  • The interest rate on bank deposits would rise by more, so households' net interest payments would fall, initially.
  • The housing market, however, looks like the weak link; we expect house prices to flatline in H1 2022.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Nov 2021 Is the Outlook for Households' Incomes Brighter After the Budget?

  • Budget announcements, including the jump in National Living Wage, will support earnings growth next year...
  • ...but higher taxes and inflation suggest real take home pay will fall by 1.5%, the most since 2011.
  • This is one key reason we expect the MPC will hike Bank Rate by less than markets currently expect.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 Oct 2021 A Budget with an Eye on the Next Election, not Near-Term Popularity

  • The Chancellor spent only about half of the windfall stemming from the OBR's rosier economic forecasts...
  • ...In order to build scope to cut taxes before the next election, while still meeting his new fiscal targets.
  • The OBR's new GDP forecasts are too upbeat, while its debt interest forecast is too low, but this won't matter.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

22 Oct 2021 House Prices will Flatline in H1 2022, if Markets are Right about Rates

  • This month's Stamp Duty change has left housing unscathed; we look for a 0.5% q/q rise in house prices in Q4.
  • House prices, however, will flatline in H1 2022; two-year fixed rate mortgage rates will jump by 60bp in Q4...
  • ...The squeeze on households' real income, as inflation rises and taxes increase, also will subdue the market.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Oct 2021 2022 Rate Hike Now Likely, Following Big GDP Revisions

  • The shortfall in GDP in July from its pre-Covid peak has been revised to just 1.3%, from 2.5% previously.
  • Future growth, however, will be weak; both government spending and households' incomes will fall...
  • ...So the MPC can take its time; we now expect a Q2 rate rise, but then a 12-month delay until the next hike.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

24 Sept 2021 Furlough Wind Down Key to the Rates Outlook, It Will Be Painful

  • Markets now are completely convinced the MPC will hike Bank Rate in Q1...
  • ...But activity data keep surprising to the downside, and the end of the furlough scheme will release slack.
  • Households' inflation expectations have picked up, but the MPC has downplayed their importance.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 Sept 2021 The OBR Likely Won't Gift Mr. Sunak Much Rosier Economic Forecasts

  • Public borrowing in August was only slightly below the OBR's forecast; interest payments are picking up.
  • We think the OBR will revise its long-term "scarring" estimate only to 2.5%, from 3.0% previously...
  • ...The workforce has continued to contract this year, confounding the OBR's hopes of a rebound.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Sept 2021 Households will be Hurt by Q4's 1.5% Drop in Disposable Income

  • August's drop in retail sales was broad-based; the recovery in overall spending now is sluggish.
  • Real disposable income will drop by 1.5% q/q in Q4, as employment falls, inflation soars, and benefits are cut.
  • RHDI will recover in Q1, but then flatline in Q2, in response to the rise in employees' NICs rates.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Sept 2021 Wages Likely Won't Match Inflation as Slack Builds Post-Furlough

  • Payroll employee numbers returned in August to their pre-Covid peak, but will dip in Q4, after furlough ends.
  • We expect the unemployment rate to rise to 5.0% in Q4, from 4.5% in Q3; slack within firms will build too.
  • Three-month-on-three-month annualised growth in wages fell to 3.2% in July; slack will keep it in check.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 Sept 2021 The MPC Won't Hike Bank Rate Just After a Big Rise in NICs

  • Markets still expect the MPC to hike rates in Q2 2022, despite surprise plans to lift national insurance in April.
  • The tax hike will defer a full recovery in households' spending to the second half of next year.
  • The plans imply the Treasury does not expect the OBR to turn upbeat on the medium-term economic outlook.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 Aug 2021 Don't Extrapolate the Recent Favourable Trend in Public Borrowing

  • The margin by which public borrowing undershoots the OBR's forecast will narrow over coming months...
  • ...Interest payments will soar, while GDP growth in Q3 and Q4 will fall short of the OBR's expectations.
  • The OBR's scarring judgement looks sound; productivity and participation have been lower than expected.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Aug 2021 Will the MPC Finally Set Out its Views on the Lower Bound and Sequencing?

Now that negative rates are in the toolkit, the MPC might divulge its new estimate for the lower bound.
The MPC also might lower the threshold that Bank Rate must reach before it starts to wind down QE.
We expect Ofgem to announce on Friday that the default tariff cap will rise by a painful 13.5% in Q4.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 July 2021 Tax Rises Still will be Needed for a 3% Budget Deficit

We continue to think that the government will need to press ahead with its planned fiscal tightening over the next two years, if it wants to ensure that borrowing drops to 3% of GDP in the mid-2020s.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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