Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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29 Nov 2022 UK Monitor House Prices have Scope to Rebound in the mid-2020s

Incoming data are consistent with our forecast for a sharp fall in house purchases and an 8% drop in prices.

The MPC, however, won’t keep Bank Rate at 4% indefinitely; house prices should rebound in the mid-2020s.

Mortgage payments’ share of incomes will not return to 2010s levels; hefty rent rises have raised the floor.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 Nov 2022 UK Monitor Sterling is Not Out of the Woods Yet

Sterling's rally has been driven by the elimination of the fiscal risk premium, which we doubt will return... 

...But the current account deficit will remain large next year, despite the recession, leaving sterling vulnerable. 

The MPC likely will hold back from raising Bank Rate as far as markets expect; we look for $1.15 in the spring. 

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Nov 2022 UK Monitor Is the Outlook for Households Really as Bad as the OBR Thinks?

  • The OBR's forecast for the effective mortgage rate looks
    implausibly high; we expect a smaller drop in RHDI...
  • ...But its forecast for the saving rate to fall to a joint-record low, supporting spending, jars with past experience.
  • The saving rate usually rises when the unemployment rate increases; rising rates will spur debt repayments.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Nov 2022 UK Monitor The Pace of Core Price Rises is Yet to Slow, but Better News is Coming

  • Continued momentum in core price rises was partly to blame for the upside inflation surprise in October.
  • The recent fall in shipping costs and slowing in producer price rises, however, points to a better trend soon.
  • Recessions reliably crush domestically-generated inflation; we still see a sub-2% headline rate in 2024.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 Nov 2022 UK Monitor The End of the MPC's Rate Hiking Cycle is Coming into View

  • The MPC’s forecasts suggest it needs to raise Bank Rate only by a further 50bp to hit the 2% inflation target.
  • The required tightening could be even smaller, depending on the size and timing of upcoming fiscal measures.
  • The MPC, however, still is nervous about upside inflation risks, so we still expect Bank Rate to rise to 4.0%.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 Oct 2022 UK Monitor The MPC will Jawbone Rate Expectations Down Next Week

  • We expect the MPC to hike Bank Rate by 75bp next week, but to signal smaller hikes at future meetings.
  • On the face of it, its new forecast for inflation will endorse the path for Bank Rate expected by markets...
  • ...But it won’t incorporate the upcoming fiscal tightening; expect the MPC to emphasise the downside risks.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 Oct 2022 UK Monitor PMI Data Show a Deepening Downturn, but Price Rises Remain too Rapid

  • October’s PMI data point to a worsening recession; a 0.5% quarter-on-quarter drop in Q4 GDP looks likely.
  • Price rises are slowing, but remain too brisk for the MPC to take breath; we look for a 75bp hike next week.
  • Further falls in interest rate expectations will weigh on sterling now the fiscal credibility gap has largely gone.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Oct 2022 UK Monitor The Labour Market Won't Remain Tight for Much Longer

  • Employment was broadly flat in Q3, but the recent jump in firms' borrowing costs signals a big fall ahead.
  • Long-term sickness looks set to rise further, but government policies likely will boost the workforce in 2023.
  • We expect the unemployment rate to peak at about 5.5%, easily high enough to subdue wage growth.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Will the MPC Pick Prolonged High Inflation or a Mortgage Crisis

  • A recession now is all but inevitable; the key questionis how the pain will be distributed.
  • Hiking Bank Rate to 6% would crush domestically-generated inflation; mortgage defaults would soar.
  • Hiking more slowly would depress sterling and boost imported inflation, but is the lesser evil for the MPC.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 Sept 2022 UK Monitor MPC Likely to Stick to Another 50bp Hike in November, Despite Tax Cuts

  • The improved near-term outlook for CPI inflation has left the MPC less anxious about second-round effects.
  • The MPC is awaiting more details on fiscal policy; a 75bp hike in November can't be ruled out...
  • ...But the proposed tax cuts will do little to boost GDP, and spending might be cut; we still expect a 50bp hike.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Mortgage Refinancing Set to Deliver a 1pp hit to Disposable Incomes in 2023

  • The effective interest rate for all mortgages has risen only slowly to date, but now looks set to soar...
  • ...As a rising number of borrowers refinance, and as lenders respond to the further jump in risk-free rates.
  • Expect a 1pp disposable income hit in 2023 if Bank Rate tops 4%, or a 0.7pp drag if Bank Rate tracks our forecast.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 Sept 2022 UK Monitor August's Drop in Retail Sales Makes a 50bp Bank Rate Hike More Likely

  • The drop in August’s retail sales volumes was below consensus, but almost matched our forecast.
  • The weakness was broad based; consumers cut back on both essential and discretionary goods.
  • The larger-than-consensus fall makes a 50bp increase in Bank Rate this week more likely than a 75bp hike.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

16 Sept 2022 UK Monitor The Improved Inflation Outlook Implies the MPC will Stick to a 50bp Hike

  • We think the MPC will raise Bank Rate by 50bp next week, despite other central banks rushing ahead...
  • ...Q3 GDP is set to undershoot the MPC’s latest forecast, while the inflation outlook has improved greatly.
  • Proposed tax cuts are too small to move the inflation needle, and likely will be partly funded by spending cuts.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Will the Better News on CPI Inflation Keep Coming?

  • The month-to-month change in the August core CPI exceeded its seasonal norm by the least this year.
  • The recent decline in commodity prices suggests core CPI inflation will fall sharply next year.
  • Services inflation will be stickier, but the current support from energy price rises and VAT changes will fade.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Labour Market and Retail Sales Data to Persuade the MPC to be Cautious

  • Business surveys and vacancy data point to another negligible rise in payroll employees in August.
  • Wage growth likely remained slightly too strong for the MPC, but probably didn't gain more momentum.
  • BRC data point to a below-consensus fall in retail sales in August; the MPC won't up the hiking pace.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 Sept 2022 UK Monitor A Recession Now Looks Unlikely, following Bold Energy Price Action

  • The average household will spend less on energy over the next six months than during the last six.
  • So a winter recession now looks unlikely, and the MPC can return to focussing on core CPI inflation.
  • Fiscal policy will stabilise demand, not lift it; job market slack still looks set to emerge, limiting rate hikes.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 Sept 2022 UK Monitor August's CPI Report will Temper Bets on a 75bp Rate Hike

  • CPI inflation likely fell to 9.9% in August, from 10.1% in
    July, returning to the level forecast by the MPC.
  • A slump in motor fuel CPI inflation likely dominated the further pick-up in food inflation.
  • BRC data show the pace of core goods price rises eased in August; July's large jump in rents won't be repeated.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Sept 2022 UK Monitor How will Energy Price Interventions Impact the Inflation Outlook?

  • Ms. Truss has been tight-lipped about her plans, but a
    trade body plan to freeze prices is gaining traction.
  • If implemented, CPI inflation will return to the 2% target in 2023, easing the pressure for further big rate hikes.
  • Firms need help too, though we think Ms. Truss will cut business rates and provide grants, not reduce VAT.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

31 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Government Support Needed to Maintain Real Consumption

  • Households continued to save less and borrow more in July, in order to maintain consumption.
  • Looking ahead, though, people lack the fire-power to withstand future income shocks.
  • We now think a winter recession will be avoided only if the government beefs up financial support massively.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

30 Aug 2022 UK Monitor CPI Inflation to Top 17% in January, if Energy Prices Now Hold Steady

  • Futures prices indicate that the energy price cap will rise by a further 52% in January and 38% in April...
  • ...Implying that energy will directly boost the headline rate of CPI inflation early next year by 11pp.
  • Markets' bets on even faster rate hikes look misplaced; higher energy prices mean more labour market slack.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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