Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

cpi

21 Sept 2021 Households will be Hurt by Q4's 1.5% Drop in Disposable Income

  • August's drop in retail sales was broad-based; the recovery in overall spending now is sluggish.
  • Real disposable income will drop by 1.5% q/q in Q4, as employment falls, inflation soars, and benefits are cut.
  • RHDI will recover in Q1, but then flatline in Q2, in response to the rise in employees' NICs rates.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 Sept 2021 Don't Expect a Hawkish Pivot from the MPC This Week

Markets now expect the MPC to raise Bank Rate twice next year, with the first hike as soon as February.

The MPC, however, will focus on labour market slack and the prospects for its elimination, not just inflation.

The recovery has faded, implying many furloughed staff will be underemployed in Q4; the MPC needn't rush.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Sept 2021 House Prices Should Recover Steadily in 2022 after Q4's Fall

  • Year-over-year growth in house prices slowed in July, following the tapering of government support.
  • Expect a further slowdown in Q4, when the SDLT threshold will return to £125K and real incomes will fall.
  • The outlook for 2022, however, is brighter; falling mortgage rates and tight supply will support prices.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 Sept 2021 Higher CPI Inflation Still Due to Only a Few Components

  • The month-to-month rise in the core CPI in August was only 0.1pp bigger than the average in the 2010s.
  • Used cars and computer games drove the large monthly gain; no sign of broad-based price increases.
  • Higher energy prices will push up the headline rate to 4% in Q4 and Q1, but the MPC needn't blink.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 Sept 2021 The Consensus for August CPI Inflation Looks too Low

  • We think CPI inflation leapt to 3.1% in August, from 2.0% in July, above the 2.9% consensus.
  • Core inflation likely jumped on the anniversary of the Eat Out to Help Out Scheme...
  • ...But it also probably was boosted by abnormally large increases in used car and other goods prices.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 Sept 2021 What Does the Latest Surge in Energy Prices Mean for CPI Inflation?

  • The MPC's energy price assumptions for its inflation forecast are too high in the near-term, and for 2023.
  • Wholesale electricity and natural gas price changes don't immediately impact the CPI...
  • ...Future prices still imply that Ofgem will lower slightly the default tariff cap next year, not raise it further.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Sept 2021 Forecast Review: The Consensus is Still too Upbeat on Q3 GDP

  • From now on, the U.K. Monitor on the first Monday of each month will summarise recent forecast changes.
  • We now think GDP flatlined in July, so our Q3 fore- cast, 1.5% q/q, is well below the consensus, 2.4%.
  • Our 3.7% forecast for the CPI inflation in Q4—probably the peak—is below the MPC's new 4.0% estimate.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Sept 2021 Households are Prioritising Debt Repayments Over Having Fun

  • Households' stock of excess savings rose in July to 8.3% of 2020 GDP, after another cautious month.
  • The proportion of credit card debt repaid rose to a record high; ad hoc mortgage payments were high too.
  • Businesses aren't borrowing either, though capex still looks set to recover from rock-bottom levels in 2022.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

24 Aug 2021 The Belated Shift Down in the PMIs Highlights a Drawn-out Recovery

  • August's sharp fall in the composite PMI brings it in line with other indicators, which weakened in July.
  • In fact, GDP likely rose at a faster rate in August than July, though it won't match its peak until year-end. 
  • Output prices reportedly rose at a slower pace in August, tentatively supporting the "transitory" take.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 Aug 2021 House Price Growth has Peaked, but Will Remain Positive Next Year

  • House price growth surged to 13.2% in June—the highest rate since late-2004—from 9.8% in May.
  • As government support fades and inflation rises, squeezing real incomes, price growth will slow...
  • ...But lower mortgage rates will prevent a marked slowdown; we have revised up our 2022 forecasts.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 Aug 2021 CPI Base Effects Distract from July's Slowing in Core Price Rises

  • The pace of month-to-month increases in consumer prices slowed in July; the re-opening surge is over.
  • CPI inflation still is set to rise sharply, but the peak will be a bit below the 4% rate expected by the MPC...
  • ...The MPC's food and energy price assumptions are too high, while goods inflation will fall swiftly next year.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Aug 2021 Employment has Risen Briskly, but will Fall Back when Furlough Ends

  • Employee numbers have rebounded since the spring, but total employment is lagging behind.
  • Vacancies are high, but are concentrated in different sectors to those which will see post-furlough layoffs.
  • High inflation and 4-to-5% unemployment didn't lift wage growth in 2017, and probably won't this time.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Aug 2021 CPI Inflation Likely Fell Sharply in July, Taking the Consensus by Surprise

  • CPI inflation probably declined to 2.1% in July from 2.5% in June, below the consensus, 2.3%.
  • Clothing prices appear to have fallen sharply, as usual; they dropped only marginally a year ago.
  • Surveys suggest the pace of increases in catering services prices has slowed down.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 Aug 2021 Employment Growth Likely Topped the Consensus in June

We look for above-consensus three-month-on- three-month growth in employment of 125K in June.

June's PAYE data were very strong, while a cohort reporting a low employment rate left the sample.

Year-over-year growth in wages likely rose further, but the underlying trend isn't troubling for the MPC.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Aug 2021 Will Car Sales Remain at Q2's Elevated Level?

Car demand surged in Q2, as easing Covid-19 restrictions boosted consumers' confidence.
But shortages of key components have limited the supply of new cars; used car sales have surged.
Used car sales look set to remain elevated this year, pushing up prices.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

10 Aug 2021 Setting out our Base and Reasonable Worst Cases for Covid This Winter

Covid-19 cases likely will pick up in September, as schools return and building ventilation declines.
Business closures in Q4 aren't likely, but households will remain cautious, delaying a full recovery.
In the event of a new variant and lockdown, we think the MPC would cut rates to -0.25%, despite 4% inflation.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Aug 2021 The MPC's New Forecasts Set a High Bar for Future Upside Surprises

The MPC's forecasts imply markets' expectations for future rate hikes are about right...
...But the risks to the MPC's economic forecasts now are skewed firmly to the downside.
We now expect the first rate hike in Q2 2023, slightly earlier than before, with QE wind-down coming later.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Aug 2021 Will the MPC Finally Set Out its Views on the Lower Bound and Sequencing?

Now that negative rates are in the toolkit, the MPC might divulge its new estimate for the lower bound.
The MPC also might lower the threshold that Bank Rate must reach before it starts to wind down QE.
We expect Ofgem to announce on Friday that the default tariff cap will rise by a painful 13.5% in Q4.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 Aug 2021 Furlough Usage isn't Falling Fast Enough to Signal a Painless End in Q4

The proportion of staff furloughed fell to 5.7% at the end of June, from 7.5% a month earlier...
...But surveys point to only a marginal fall in early July, and still high usage in fully recovered sectors.
Firms likely won't fully relinquish recent productivity gains; the employment rate will drop back in Q4.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Aug 2021 When will the Manufacturing Sector's Recovery Get Back on Track?

The recovery in the manufacturing sector slowed in July, probably to a complete standstill.
Output should pick up in the autumn, amid easing supply constraints and robust restocking demand...
...But we see little chance of long-term reshoring; Brexit is another barrier to a sustained recovery.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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