Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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core goods

2 Dec 2022 UK Monitor Price and Wage Data are Aligning for a Smaller MPC Rate Hike this Month

The slowdown in the pace of core price rises in the Eurozone in November is a good omen for the U.K.

Inflation expectations among households and businesses are falling, now that a recession is taking hold.

Manufacturers’ and retailers’ excess inventory reinforces the case for expecting goods inflation to drop.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Nov 2022 UK Monitor Brace for an Above-Consensus CPI Inflation Print for October

  • We look for an above-consensus jump in CPI inflation to 10.9% in October, from 10.2% in September.
  • Food prices continued to rise quickly and energy prices soared; core CPI inflation likely remained high too.
  • The BRC’s non-food shop prices index leapt; services inflation likely was supported by education and rents.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 Oct 2022 UK Monitor Emerging Spare Capacity will Eventually Crush Core Inflation

  • September’s data showed no let up in the rate of core price rises; the MPC will continue to hike rates quickly.
  • Core CPI inflation, however, will ease soon; firms have too much stock, and demand is about to plunge.
  • The outlook for energy CPI inflation is unclear again, but rising unemployment will let the MPC focus on the core.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 Sept 2022 UK Monitor MPC Likely to Stick to Another 50bp Hike in November, Despite Tax Cuts

  • The improved near-term outlook for CPI inflation has left the MPC less anxious about second-round effects.
  • The MPC is awaiting more details on fiscal policy; a 75bp hike in November can't be ruled out...
  • ...But the proposed tax cuts will do little to boost GDP, and spending might be cut; we still expect a 50bp hike.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 Sept 2022 UK Monitor August's Drop in Retail Sales Makes a 50bp Bank Rate Hike More Likely

  • The drop in August’s retail sales volumes was below consensus, but almost matched our forecast.
  • The weakness was broad based; consumers cut back on both essential and discretionary goods.
  • The larger-than-consensus fall makes a 50bp increase in Bank Rate this week more likely than a 75bp hike.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

15 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Will the Better News on CPI Inflation Keep Coming?

  • The month-to-month change in the August core CPI exceeded its seasonal norm by the least this year.
  • The recent decline in commodity prices suggests core CPI inflation will fall sharply next year.
  • Services inflation will be stickier, but the current support from energy price rises and VAT changes will fade.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 Sept 2022 UK Monitor A Recession Now Looks Unlikely, following Bold Energy Price Action

  • The average household will spend less on energy over the next six months than during the last six.
  • So a winter recession now looks unlikely, and the MPC can return to focussing on core CPI inflation.
  • Fiscal policy will stabilise demand, not lift it; job market slack still looks set to emerge, limiting rate hikes.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 Sept 2022 UK Monitor August's CPI Report will Temper Bets on a 75bp Rate Hike

  • CPI inflation likely fell to 9.9% in August, from 10.1% in
    July, returning to the level forecast by the MPC.
  • A slump in motor fuel CPI inflation likely dominated the further pick-up in food inflation.
  • BRC data show the pace of core goods price rises eased in August; July's large jump in rents won't be repeated.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

30 Aug 2022 UK Monitor CPI Inflation to Top 17% in January, if Energy Prices Now Hold Steady

  • Futures prices indicate that the energy price cap will rise by a further 52% in January and 38% in April...
  • ...Implying that energy will directly boost the headline rate of CPI inflation early next year by 11pp.
  • Markets' bets on even faster rate hikes look misplaced; higher energy prices mean more labour market slack.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 Aug 2022 UK Monitor It's Not all Bad News on the Inflation Front

We expect Ofgem to announce today that the default tariff cap will increase by 80% in October.

This will boost CPI inflation by 4pp, assuming the ONS treats the government's grant as a fiscal transfer.

Core goods inflation, however, is set to fall sharply this winter; manufacturers and retailers have excess stock.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Will Sterling Force the MPC into a Painful Rate Hiking Path?

Sterling has dropped, despite a sharp rise in Bank Rate expectations, because expected inflation has soared.

But the MPC will have flexibility if, as we expect, core inflation falls, boosting the expected real rate.

We expect the U.S. Fed to be more cautious than investors expect, easing some of the pressure on the MPC.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The U.K.'s High Inflation is Due to Fiscal Policy, Not an Overheating Economy

The U.K.'s relatively high rate of CPI inflation is largely due to government policies.

The energy price shock has been softened by grants, not tax cuts; VAT and NICs hikes have also played a role.

Higher core goods inflation than in the Eurozone is largely due to Brexit, not stronger underlying demand.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The Pace of Core Price Rises will Slow Soon, Broadening the MPC's Options

A jump in food prices was the main driver of July’s rise in CPI inflation, and the overshoot of the MPC’s forecast.

The core CPI continued to rise quickly, but recent falls in commodity prices point to slower increases ahead.

Lower petrol prices will mean CPI inflation undershoots the MPC’s forecast in August; a 25bp hike is on the table.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Aug 2022 UK Monitor CPI Inflation Likely Neared 10% in July, in line with the MPC's Forecast

CPI inflation likely jumped to 9.9% in July, from 9.4% in June, led by rises in motor fuel and food CPI inflation.

Eurozone data and the BRC's figures both point to a renewed rise in core goods CPI inflation in July.

Surveys show services prices have continued to rise at an above-average rate, albeit less quickly than in Q2.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

10 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Rate Cuts Next Year? Don't Price Them In Until Q4 2023 at the Earliest

Dave Ramsden is the first MPC member to admit rates might need to be cut "quite quickly" in the medium term.

The cuts currently priced-in by markets from late H2 2023 aren't big enough to lower households' interest bill.

But CPI inflation won't be near the target until Q4 2023; pre-election fiscal stimulus will limit the scope for easing.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Will a Household Saving Drawdown Keep a Winter Recession at Bay?

Households saved much less and borrowed more in Q2; real spending, therefore, likely was unchanged from Q1.

On paper, households have ample scope to reduce their saving rate further, but we see several constraints.

Some already have depleted savings, credit conditions are tightening, and deleveraging will be more attractive.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 July 2022 UK Monitor Active Gilt Sales Likely will be at the Low End of Bailey's Proposed Range

The BoE is considering active gilt sales that would result in a reduction in the APF of £50B-to-£100B in year one.

This implies active sales of £15B-to-£65B if they begin in Q4; we expect sales at the lower end of that range.

The CBI’s Distributive Trades Survey shows retailers’ stock levels are far too high; discounting will intensify.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 July 2022 U.K. Monitor Retail Sales Will Recover in Q3, but this will be a False Dawn

Retail sales fell by 1.2% quarter-on-quarter in Q2, as households reduced big-ticket discretionary purchases.

Real household disposable income looks set to rise in Q3, thanks to government support measures.

But even if Ms. Truss pushes through her tax cuts, incomes will drop back in the winter, impeding sales.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 July 2022 UK Monitor June's CPI Data Unlikely to Spur the MPC to Hike by 50bp Next Month

The headline rate of CPI inflation topped the MPC forecast in June, due to higher motor fuel and food prices.

But the core rate fell, undershooting its forecast, as retailers struggled to pass on higher producer prices.

Core CPI inflation will fall sharply early next year, when recent falls in commodity prices will feed through.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 July 2022 Food and Energy Inflation Likely Drove Up the Headline Rate in June

We think that CPI inflation leapt to 9.4% in June, from 9.1% in May, exceeding the MPC’s 9.1% forecast. 

But the upside surprise will be due to a massive rise in motor fuel prices, and another increase in food inflation. 

Core inflation likely fell to 5.8%, from 5.9% in May; June 2021’s surge in goods prices likely wasn’t repeated. 

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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