Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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construction output

2 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Fiscal Policy and Lower Saving Likely to Avert Recession

We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.

But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.

People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Will a Household Saving Drawdown Keep a Winter Recession at Bay?

Households saved much less and borrowed more in Q2; real spending, therefore, likely was unchanged from Q1.

On paper, households have ample scope to reduce their saving rate further, but we see several constraints.

Some already have depleted savings, credit conditions are tightening, and deleveraging will be more attractive.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 July 2022 UK Monitor Is Britain Really Faring Better than Other Advanced Economies?

The U.K. composite PMI in July was above the 50.0 mark, in contrast to the U.S. and the Eurozone.

We think that this strength can be largely explained by the small manufacturing sector and recent fiscal policy.

Ofgem's energy price cap will rise by a further 23% in April, if the recent surge in wholesale prices is sustained.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 July 2022 Food and Energy Inflation Likely Drove Up the Headline Rate in June

We think that CPI inflation leapt to 9.4% in June, from 9.1% in May, exceeding the MPC’s 9.1% forecast. 

But the upside surprise will be due to a massive rise in motor fuel prices, and another increase in food inflation. 

Core inflation likely fell to 5.8%, from 5.9% in May; June 2021’s surge in goods prices likely wasn’t repeated. 

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 July 2022 Most of Q1's Increase in GDP Likely was Reversed in Q2

The first quarter’s rise in GDP has brittle foundations; households have had to retrench in Q2.

The support to GDP growth from restocking will fade; firms now have enough inventory to meet demand.

A recession, however, isn’t likely; households’ real dis- posable incomes will rise in Q3, and capex will recover.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

24 June 2022 June's Stable PMI Provides Little Reassurance on Q2 GDP

The composite PMI held steady at 53.1 in June, but it has been misleadingly upbeat in recent months.

It excludes the retail and public sectors, both of which will drag on quarter-on-quarter GDP growth in Q2.

We still forecast a 0.7% q/q drop in Q2 GDP, and only a 25bp increase in Bank Rate in August.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

23 June 2022 Core CPI inflation Already has Peaked and will Fall Rapidly in Early 2023

Core CPI inflation declined to 5.9% in May, from 6.2% in April, and will fall further in June.

Retailers are shrinking their margins, rather than passing on surging producer prices fully to consumers.

Faltering demand will constrain future core price rises, enabling the MPC to stop its hiking cycle this year.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 June 2022 GDP Set to Contract by about 0.7% Q/Q in Q2, after April's Weak Print

April's fall in GDP was driven by Covid spending, but flat private sector GDP caused the downside surprise.

Consumer services firms likely increasingly struggled during Q2, as households' real incomes fell further.

June's extra bank holiday also will dampen Q2 GDP; the MPC has to lower its forecast for 0.1% q/q growth.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

10 June 2022 April GDP Data Will Confirm the Recovery has Stalled

We look for a mere 0.1% month-to-month rise in GDP in April, only just reversing the prior month's fall.

While output in the manufacturing and distribution sectors probably rebounded.

The consumer services sector was hit by the real income squeeze, and Covid-related spending plunged.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: U.K. S&P Global/CIPS Construction Survey, May 2022

  • In one line: The recovery is slowing, but the chances of a renewed downturn in output are slim. 

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 May 2022 The Outlook for CPI Inflation Doesn't Warrant Rapid Rate Hikes

Higher energy prices and tax rises pushed up the headline rate of CPI inflation to a 40-year high in April.

But there were encouraging signs that retailers are starting to absorb some of the surge in producer prices.

Inflation will ease over the summer as base effects kick in and the real income squeeze inhibits services price rises.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: U.K. S&P Global/CIPS Construction Survey, April 2022

  • In one line: Output growth slowing, as sharp price rises take a toll on demand. 

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 May 2022 GDP Likely was Unchanged in March, Preluding a Contraction in Q2

The boost to activity from the removal of final Covid restrictions likely was offset by falling health sector output.

Higher energy prices and fresh supply chain frictions, following the war in Ukraine, likely hit manufacturing.

Retail sales and car sales fell, while the recovery in the hospitality sector appears to have topped out.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 Apr 2022 Public Borrowing Likely to Exceed the OBR's Forecast This Year

The estimate of public borrowing in 2021/22 almost certainly will be revised down over the coming months.

But we think public borrowing is on course to overshoot the OBR's forecast in 2022/23 and beyond.

The OBR's assumption that productivity will grow at double the pace seen in the 2010s is implausible.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 Apr 2022 February's Weak GDP Growth Rate will Become the Norm

GDP rose by 0.1% m/m in February, despite a rebound in private sector activity, due to falling Covid spending.

Healthcare output will fall further, while the momentum in the private sector will slow as real incomes decline.

We look for a 0.4% quarter-on-quarter drop in GDP in Q2; the extra public holiday will add to these headwinds.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 Apr 2022 CPI Inflation Likely Exceeded the MPC's Expectations Again in March

We think CPI inflation rose by 0.5pp to 6.7% in March, well above the "around 6%" range expected by the MPC.

Motor fuel prices jumped, while PPI data point to further increases in food and core goods CPI inflation.

Services businesses also are passing on higher costs; rail fares and rents rose more than usual too.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: U.K. Markit/CIPS Construction Survey, March 2022

  • In one line: Brisk growth supported by the scrapping of Covid restrictions.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Apr 2022 Falling Health Sector Output Likely Caused GDP to Drop in February

Output in the consumer services sector recovered strongly in February, assisted by fading Covid fears.

...But output in the health sector likely fell considerably, due to sharp falls in Covid testing and vaccinations.

Manufacturing output was hit by a slump in car production, while building work was disrupted by storms.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

14 Mar 2022 GDP Likely to Dip in Q2, Despite Current Momentum

  • January's rebound should ensure GDP rises by nearly 1% q/q in Q1, far exceeding the MPC's expectations.
  • But Test & Trace and vaccination activities boosted GDP by 2% in January; this support soon will gone.
  • Q2 GDP also will be hit by the extra bank holiday and a sharp fall in real incomes; we look for a 0.2% q/q drop.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 Mar 2022 GDP Likely Rose to a New High in January, Despite Omicron

  • We look for a 0.5% month-to-month rise in January GDP, well above the 0.1% consensus.
  • Retail sales and car sales jumped, while Covid afflicted sectors staged a partial recovery.
  • The hit to health sector output from falling Covid jabs and tests was offset by a jump in non-Covid activities.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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