Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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confidence

1 July 2022 Most of Q1's Increase in GDP Likely was Reversed in Q2

The first quarter’s rise in GDP has brittle foundations; households have had to retrench in Q2.

The support to GDP growth from restocking will fade; firms now have enough inventory to meet demand.

A recession, however, isn’t likely; households’ real dis- posable incomes will rise in Q3, and capex will recover.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: U.K. Vote of Confidence in Leader of the Conservative Party

  • In one line: The outcome of the vote won’t have a large bearing on the economic outlook.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 May 2022 Don't Infer Recession from the Record Low GfK Consumer Confidence Index

People are more likely to drain savings when they are glum due to inflation than when they fear redundancy.

April's recovery in retail sales suggests that households are prepared to defend their current real spending.

Recession risks likely will be further minimised by extra support from the government in the autumn.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 Apr 2022 Which of the Conflicting Indicators of Employment Should Be Believed?

The upward trend in the PAYE measure of employees is more plausible than the flat trend presented by the LFS.

Very strong survey indicators might reflect rising average hours and likely are insensitive to rising quits.

Employment growth looks set to slow from Q2, due to the rise in NICs and weaker demand.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

21 Apr 2022 Stockbuilding will Swing to Depressing GDP Growth Shortly

Firms want to hold more stocks than in the 2010s, but now are accumulating them at a slower pace.

GDP growth depends on the rate of change in inventories, so the deceleration will depress growth.

Futures prices historically have been a better guide to energy prices than assuming they don't change.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 Apr 2022 The RPI-CPI Wedge will Return to its Pre-Covid Norm Next Year

RPI inflation will rise even more than CPI inflation in April, due to the bigger weighting of energy prices.

But house price growth is about to slow, while mortgage interest payments will rise only slowly.

Weighting differences point to a bigger drag on RPI inflation from falling energy prices next year.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 Apr 2022 The Recent Strength in House Price Growth Won't Last Much Longer

House price growth was strong in Q1, but will now slow, due to rising mortgage rates and falling real incomes.

Several timely indicators of demand, including the RICS new buyer enquiries balance, are starting to soften.

House price growth looks set to slow to 4.5% this year, and mortgage approvals will fall to pre-Covid levels.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

1 Apr 2022 Don't Mistake the Swift Recovery in GDP for Private Sector Strength

  • GDP has returned to its pre-recession level faster than after the four previous downturns...
  • ...But this strength reflects high government spending; "private-sector" GDP was nearly 3% below its peak.
  • Sub-par growth in households’ financial wealth adds to the list of reasons to expect little dis-saving ahead.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Mar 2022 The Housing Market's Strong Start to the Year will Not Endure

  • House prices appear to have risen further in Q1, but timely data suggest that buyer demand now is cooling.
  • The outlook for rising mortgage rates, falling real incomes and low confidence does not bode well.
  • We expect year-over-year growth in house prices to slow from its current 10% rate to 3.5% by year-end.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

4 Mar 2022 No Sign Yet of Worrying Second- Round Effects from High Inflation

  • MPC members disagree over whether wages already are responding to the surge in CPI inflation.
  • Wage rises are becoming more widespread—hence the jump in some metrics—but big rises remain rare.
  • The plunge in consumers' confidence signals most workers expect pay to fail to respond to high inflation.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Mar 2022 Business Investment Should Ensure GDP Remains on a Rising Path

  • We look for year-over-year growth in business investment to pick-up this year, reaching about 10% in Q4.
  • Brexit and Covid uncertainty has faded, profit margins are healthy, and firms have excess cash.
  • Higher oil prices will boost capex in the North Sea and in energy efficiency, but higher rates will hurt some firms.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 Feb 2022 Markets Still Overestimating the Scope for Further Rate Hikes

  • Real household disposable income is set to drop by 2.0% this year, the most since the Second World War.
  • The Chancellor likely won't come to households' res- cue; debt interest and military spending is set to jump.
  • We have nudged down our GDP forecast and now expect it to be up only 1.5% year-over-year in Q4.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Feb 2022 The Recovery in Households' Spending is Starting to Flag

  • Retail sales in January were still 0.5% below their Q4 average, despite rising by nearly 2% from December.
  • Omicron weighed on sales at the start of the month, but the real income squeeze also is becoming a factor.
  • Households' real spending will rise further, as savings are drawn upon, but retailers don't stand to benefit.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

10 Feb 2022 The Recovery in Construction Output will Gain a New Lease of Life this Year

  • Easing supply constraints and labour shortages should boost the recovery in construction in H1 2022.
  • Further ahead, falling real incomes and increases in mortgage rates will dampen housebuilding activity...
  • ...Even so, we expect construction output by year end to be about 1.5% above its 2019 average level.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

9 Feb 2022 Will Households Spend More this Year, Despite Falling Real Incomes?

  • Real household disposable income looks set to drop by nearly 2% this year, the most since 1977...
  • ...But consumers can draw on the savings they amassed during the pandemic and borrow more.
  • We expect the saving ratio to fall to 4.5% in 2022—1.5pp below its pre-Covid level—so that spending rises further.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

2 Feb 2022 Money Supply Data Suggest the Economy Won't Overheat This Year

  • Growth in the broad money supply reverted to its pre-Covid rate in Q4, despite very low interest rates.
  • Households dipped into their excess savings in December to maintain their spending, not increase it.
  • Mortgage refinancing will cease to boost disposable incomes in 2022; the effective rate will stabilise.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 Jan 2022 Will the MPC Endorse the Upward Shift in the Market Rate Curve?

  • The MPC likely will hike Bank Rate next week, but the 95% probability priced-in by markets looks too high.
  • The MPC warned in November that spare capacity would emerge if rates rose as far as markets expected…
  • ...The curve is up 30bp since, with no cause for greater medium-term optimism; beware another dovish nudge.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 Jan 2022 House Price Growth to Slow in 2022 as Mortgage Rates Rise

  • House price growth remained strong in Q4, despite the return of the SDLT threshold to £125K at the end of Q3.
  • Timely indicators, however, suggest Omicron weighed on buyer demand at the end of the year, and in January.
  • Higher mortgage rates and falling real incomes will cause house price growth to decelerate this year.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

13 Jan 2022 Job Moves to Revert to Normal Levels this Year, Dampening Wage Growth

  • The proportion of workers changing jobs surged in 2021 to reach its highest level in the past 20 years...
  • ...But lower confidence and a sluggish housing market will drive job moves back to pre-Covid norms this year.
  • Job-to-job moves also will trend down in the 2020s as the population ages, bearing down on wage growth.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

5 Jan 2022 Lower Saving Reflects Inflation Pressure, not Reviving Confidence

  • The return of monthly saving to pre-Covid levels is a sign of the real income squeeze, not surging spending.
  • The recent surge in house prices, however, is enabling refinancing homeowners to access lower interest rates.
  • Firms continued to repay external borrowing in November, but we remain upbeat on the capex outlook.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

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