Pantheon Macroeconomics

Best viewed on a device with a bigger screen...

U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

borrowing

26 Jan 2022 Surging Interest Costs Won't Stop Sunak Easing the Real Wage Squeeze

  • Public borrowing in 2021/22 looks set to come in at about £170B, £13B below the OBR's Budget forecast.
  • The hit from higher interest payments will exceed the windfall from higher-than-forecast GDP in 2022/23...
  • ...But Mr. Sunak built some wriggle room into his plans; he can intervene on energy prices and meet his targets.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

6 Jan 2022 What Would Government Energy Price Intervention Mean for Inflation

  • The default tariff energy price cap looks set to rise by 47% in April, pushing up CPI inflation to 6.2%.
  • The rise will be larger, if suppliers are immediately compensated for acquiring failed competitors' customers.
  • Removing VAT would limit the inflation peak to 6.0%; a supplier loan scheme could have a bigger impact.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Jan 2022 Lower Saving Reflects Inflation Pressure, not Reviving Confidence

  • The return of monthly saving to pre-Covid levels is a sign of the real income squeeze, not surging spending.
  • The recent surge in house prices, however, is enabling refinancing homeowners to access lower interest rates.
  • Firms continued to repay external borrowing in November, but we remain upbeat on the capex outlook.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

30 Nov 2021 Does October's Low Saving Signal Households' Mindset has Changed?

  • Households last month saved the least and borrowed the most for consumption since the pandemic began...
  • ...People are maintaining their spending while real incomes are falling; they aren't bingeing.
  • Firms continued to repay external finance in October, but this isn't necessarily a bad sign for investment.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

24 Nov 2021 Is Mr. Sunak's Fund for Future Tax Cuts Already Under Threat?

  • Rising interest payments are slowing the rate that public borrowing is falling.
  • Fiscal headroom probably will be just half that assumed in the October Budget…
  • …But Mr. Sunak still will have a free hand in signing off pre-election tax cuts in 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 Nov 2021 Look to the Housing Market, not Interest Payments, for Rate Hike Pain

  • The effective mortgage rate will be just 20bp or so higher at the end of 2022, if markets' Bank Rate view is right.
  • The interest rate on bank deposits would rise by more, so households' net interest payments would fall, initially.
  • The housing market, however, looks like the weak link; we expect house prices to flatline in H1 2022.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

2 Nov 2021 Households won't Abandon their Cautious Mindset Anytime Soon

  • Households continued in September to save more and borrow less than they did before Covid.
  • The recovery in spending will continue only if households save less in response to falling real incomes...
  • Households did this in 2016, but are less confident now, despite having a larger precautionary buffer.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

28 Oct 2021 A Budget with an Eye on the Next Election, not Near-Term Popularity

  • The Chancellor spent only about half of the windfall stemming from the OBR's rosier economic forecasts...
  • ...In order to build scope to cut taxes before the next election, while still meeting his new fiscal targets.
  • The OBR's new GDP forecasts are too upbeat, while its debt interest forecast is too low, but this won't matter.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

20 Oct 2021 Backdrop of Rising Borrowing Costs Will Force Mr. Sunak to be Cautious

  • The OBR likely will revise smaller its "scarring" estimate only to 2.5% of GDP, from 3.0% previously.
  • The resulting uplift to future tax revenues will be offset by higher projections for interest payments.
  • Mr. Sunak will have little, if any, headroom in meeting his target for a balanced current budget in three years' time.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Oct 2021 The OBR's New Interest Payments Forecast will Make Mr. Sunak Wince

  • The OBR likely will revise up its forecast for debt interest payments in 2022/23 by nearly 1% of GDP.
  • Interest payments will be boosted by the outlook for high inflation and markets' expectations for rate hikes.
  • The MPC's plans to shrink the APF will mean more debt is financed at prevailing gilt rates, not Bank Rate.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 Sept 2021 The OBR Likely Won't Gift Mr. Sunak Much Rosier Economic Forecasts

  • Public borrowing in August was only slightly below the OBR's forecast; interest payments are picking up.
  • We think the OBR will revise its long-term "scarring" estimate only to 2.5%, from 3.0% previously...
  • ...The workforce has continued to contract this year, confounding the OBR's hopes of a rebound.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Sept 2021 Households are Prioritising Debt Repayments Over Having Fun

  • Households' stock of excess savings rose in July to 8.3% of 2020 GDP, after another cautious month.
  • The proportion of credit card debt repaid rose to a record high; ad hoc mortgage payments were high too.
  • Businesses aren't borrowing either, though capex still looks set to recover from rock-bottom levels in 2022.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 Aug 2021 Don't Extrapolate the Recent Favourable Trend in Public Borrowing

  • The margin by which public borrowing undershoots the OBR's forecast will narrow over coming months...
  • ...Interest payments will soar, while GDP growth in Q3 and Q4 will fall short of the OBR's expectations.
  • The OBR's scarring judgement looks sound; productivity and participation have been lower than expected.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Aug 2021 The MPC's New Forecasts Set a High Bar for Future Upside Surprises

The MPC's forecasts imply markets' expectations for future rate hikes are about right...
...But the risks to the MPC's economic forecasts now are skewed firmly to the downside.
We now expect the first rate hike in Q2 2023, slightly earlier than before, with QE wind-down coming later.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 July 2021 Tax Rises Still will be Needed for a 3% Budget Deficit

We continue to think that the government will need to press ahead with its planned fiscal tightening over the next two years, if it wants to ensure that borrowing drops to 3% of GDP in the mid-2020s.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

30 June 2021 Money Data Show Households Still Aren't Throwing Caution to the Wind

The BoE’s money and credit data suggest that the economy continued to recover in May, but remained constrained by households' and businesses’ lingering cautiousness.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

29 June 2021 The Bullish Case for Sterling is Weak; the MPC Won't Hike First

The pound's retreat during June to $1.39, from $1.42, will have left many investors who have been long sterling this year—a crowded trade—nursing unrealised losses.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

  Publication Filters

Change View: List   Small Grid  

Filter by Keyword

Filter by Publication Type

Filter by Author

Global Publications Only

Filter by Date
(6 months only; older publications available on request)

  Quick Tag Filters

Consistently Right

Access Key Enabled Navigation

Keywords for: U.K. Documents

U.K. Document Vault, Pantheon Macro, Pantheon Macroeconomics, independent macro research independent research, ian shepherdson, economic intelligence