Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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bank

5 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The MPC's New Forecasts Challenge Markets' View of Much Higher Rates

The MPC's forecasts signal clearly that markets' medium-term expectations for Bank Rate are too high.

But concerns about persistence in domestic price setting, and looser fiscal policy, will spur further hikes.

We now expect the MPC to raise Bank Rate to 2.00% in September and 2.25% in November, and then to pause.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

4 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The Headwind from Mortgage Refinancing is Set to Intensify

The effective interest rate on the stock of mortgages rose by only 11bp in H1, but will jump by 30bp in H2...

...and by a further 30bp over the course of 2023, if markets are right about the path for risk-free rates.

Firms still are very exposed to movements in short- rates; the transmission mechanism remains powerful.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Surging Mortgage Rates Point to an Outright Drop in House Prices

House purchase demand is falling quickly in response to the jump in mortgage rates and drop in real incomes.

New mortgage rates look set to rise further in Q3, greatly weighing on approvals.

A contraction in supply, however, will prevent a slump in prices; we still forecast a modest 2% decline in H2 2022.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

2 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Fiscal Policy and Lower Saving Likely to Avert Recession

We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.

But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.

People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 July 2022 The MPC Won't be Distracted by Tax Cut Proposals for Now

The tax cut plans of Tory leadership contenders should be treated with a pinch of salt, given past experience.

Tax cuts won't lift GDP, if they are financed partially by spending reductions; the latter have a higher multiplier.

We doubt that even Ms. Truss would take away the BoE's independence.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 May 2022 Net Upside Risk to the MPC's 9.1% Forecast for April CPI Inflation

CPI inflation likely soared to 9.2% in April, from 7.0% in March, largely due to the jump in the energy price cap.

BRC data are consistent with another large rise in core goods prices, while services prices likely shot up too...

...In response to the hospitality VAT hike, big increases in phone contract prices, and an Easter boost to airfares.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

13 May 2022 Brisk Quarterly GDP Growth Masks a Slowdown during Q1

Q1 GDP grew faster in the U.K. than overseas because consumers were shielded from higher energy prices.

Monthly data show growth slowed during Q1; falling retail sales were more than just a consumer rotation.

Falling real incomes, declining health spending and the extra bank holiday will reduce GDP in Q2.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 Apr 2022 The PMI Turned Down in April, but is Still too Upbeat on Q2 GDP Growth

The composite PMI points to solid quarter-on-quarter GDP growth of 0.7% in Q2, despite falling in April.

The PMI, however, likely is too upbeat; it excludes government expenditure and retail sales, which are falling.

It might also be too strong when turnover is being lifted by price rises; we still expect GDP to drop in Q2.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

29 Mar 2022 The Momentum Behind the Recovery in Q1 won't be Sustained

  • The latest data suggest that GDP increased by 0.9% in Q1, despite the Omicron hit at the turn of the year...
  • ...But lower health spending, an extra bank holiday and falling real incomes will weigh on the recovery in Q2.
  • The MPC, therefore, likely will refrain from raising Bank Rate later this year, after a final hike to 1.00% in May.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

25 Feb 2022 The Economy will Stagnate if Energy Prices Stay this High

  • This week's surge in energy prices, if sustained, will boost the CPI by an extra 1.5 percentage points.
  • Households' real disposable incomes now are set to fall by about 2.2% this year, the most since WW2.
  • Below-trend GDP growth lies ahead, which will obviate the need for much higher interest rates.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 Feb 2022 The OBR's New Borrowing Forecasts will Make the Chancellor Grimace

  • Rising debt interest payments explain why January's surplus was smaller than the OBR forecast.
  • We expect the OBR to revise up its forecast for public borrowing in 2022/23 to about £97B, from £83B.
  • Mr. Sunak still will meet his fiscal rules, but will preserve his remaining headroom until nearer the next election.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

22 Feb 2022 The PMI Points to a Swift Recovery from Omicron and Solid Q1 Growth

  • Markit's composite PMI points to brisk GDP growth in Q1; the Omicron hit has faded quickly.
  • Other indicators, however, including the ONS' BIC survey, are less upbeat, so we expect 0.6% q/q growth.
  • Output prices in the manufacturing and services sec- tor are still surging; a March rate hike is a done deal.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

18 Feb 2022 The Consensus for January Retail Sales is far too Low

  • We look for a 2.8% month-to-month jump in January retail sales volumes, more than double the consensus.
  • The BRC's figures look strong, even after adjusting for base effects and inflation.
  • Pay settlements have picked up in January by much less than the MPC feared earlier this month.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

17 Feb 2022 Inflation Data Bolster the Case for Rate Hikes, but not 50bp in One Go

  • January's 5.5% rate of CPI inflation only just exceeded the MPC's 5.4% forecast; the surprise was all in goods.
  • Services inflation is only slightly above its long-run average; the MPC needn't panic.
  • The headline rate likely will peak at 7.7% in April, but then fall swiftly, potentially undershooting the target in 2023.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 Feb 2022 Labour Market Data Suggest the MPC Needn't Hike Aggressively

  • The labour market is tight on every measure, but employment growth is slowing and wages aren't soaring.
  • The first estimate of month-to-month growth in employee numbers in January was the lowest since April.
  • Wages will be supported by low unemployment, but undermined by higher taxes and slowing job moves.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Feb 2022 January CPI Inflation to Maintain the Pressure on the MPC

  • We think CPI inflation rose by 0.1pp to 5.5% in January, but annual weight changes increase the uncertainty.
  • Core goods prices surely leapt; data from the Eurozone and the U.K.'s BRC point to a very large increase.
  • A base effect likely depressed accommodation services inflation, but wider services inflation is trending up.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

11 Feb 2022 Mortgage Rates will Rise Further, Slowing the Housing Market

  • The average rate for a two-year fixed rate mortgage, with a 75% LTV ratio, likely will leap to 2.1%, from 1.6%.
  • This increase won't be a problem for most refinancers, but it will impact affordability for new homebuyers.
  • Next week's labour market data will show Q4's small drop in employment is on course to be reversed in Q1.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

9 Feb 2022 Will Households Spend More this Year, Despite Falling Real Incomes?

  • Real household disposable income looks set to drop by nearly 2% this year, the most since 1977...
  • ...But consumers can draw on the savings they amassed during the pandemic and borrow more.
  • We expect the saving ratio to fall to 4.5% in 2022—1.5pp below its pre-Covid level—so that spending rises further.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 Feb 2022 Surging Healthcare Activities Likely Cushioned GDP in December

  • Business surveys point to substantial damage to GDP in December from Omicron; hospitality was hit hard...
  • ...But surging Test & Trace and vaccine activities likely boosted month-to-month growth in GDP by 0.7pp.
  • We look for a 0.6% month-to-month drop in GDP, which likely will not cause the MPC to blink.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

7 Feb 2022 Forecast Review: Two More Rate Hikes and the MPC Will be Done

  • We have revised up our forecast for CPI inflation again, and now expect it to peak at 7.5% in April.
  • The squeeze on real incomes is set to be intense, though savings depletion should support spending.
  • We now expect the MPC to hike Bank Rate to 0.75% in March and 1.0% in May, but then to go no further.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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