Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

May

27 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Will the MPC Pick Prolonged High Inflation or a Mortgage Crisis

  • A recession now is all but inevitable; the key questionis how the pain will be distributed.
  • Hiking Bank Rate to 6% would crush domestically-generated inflation; mortgage defaults would soar.
  • Hiking more slowly would depress sterling and boost imported inflation, but is the lesser evil for the MPC.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 Sept 2022 UK Monitor MPC Likely to Stick to Another 50bp Hike in November, Despite Tax Cuts

  • The improved near-term outlook for CPI inflation has left the MPC less anxious about second-round effects.
  • The MPC is awaiting more details on fiscal policy; a 75bp hike in November can't be ruled out...
  • ...But the proposed tax cuts will do little to boost GDP, and spending might be cut; we still expect a 50bp hike.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

20 Sept 2022 UK Monitor August's Drop in Retail Sales Makes a 50bp Bank Rate Hike More Likely

  • The drop in August’s retail sales volumes was below consensus, but almost matched our forecast.
  • The weakness was broad based; consumers cut back on both essential and discretionary goods.
  • The larger-than-consensus fall makes a 50bp increase in Bank Rate this week more likely than a 75bp hike.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

7 Sept 2022 UK Monitor July GDP to Show the Economy has Slowed, but is Not in Recession Yet

  • We look for a modest 0.3% month-to-month rise in July
    GDP, leaving it only 0.1% up from three months earlier.
  • The composite PMI has pointed to stronger growth, but it excludes the distribution and health sectors.
  • Revised GDP estimates later this month likely will show that economic activity still is below its pre-Covid peak.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

31 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Government Support Needed to Maintain Real Consumption

  • Households continued to save less and borrow more in July, in order to maintain consumption.
  • Looking ahead, though, people lack the fire-power to withstand future income shocks.
  • We now think a winter recession will be avoided only if the government beefs up financial support massively.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

26 Aug 2022 UK Monitor It's Not all Bad News on the Inflation Front

We expect Ofgem to announce today that the default tariff cap will increase by 80% in October.

This will boost CPI inflation by 4pp, assuming the ONS treats the government's grant as a fiscal transfer.

Core goods inflation, however, is set to fall sharply this winter; manufacturers and retailers have excess stock.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

24 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Flash PMIs Suggest the Economy is Stagnant at Best

August’s PMIs suggest the recovery has petered out, with the manufacturing sector heading into recession.

Employment growth also has come off the boil, while price pressures mostly have continued to ease.

All this suggests the MPC have room to act with caution; a 50bp hike is not the done deal assumed by markets.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Q2 GDP Withstood the Government Spending and Jubilee Drags Well

Q2 GDP would have held steady without the Jubilee and risen by 0.9% q/q if Covid spending hadn't plunged.

The 0.2% q/q drop in households' real expenditure was a good result, given the massive fall in real incomes.

A recession isn't inevitable, provided fiscal support is increased substantially and households draw on savings.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

11 Aug 2022 UK Monitor June Official Data to Confirm the Labour Market No Longer is Tightening

PAYE data, vacancy figures and business surveys all suggest employment growth slowed in June and July.

Labour supply, however, is picking up; the unemployment rate likely was marginally higher in Q2 than in Q1.

Wages likely continued to rise in June at a rate inconsistent with the inflation target, but probably didn't speed up.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

9 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The Unemployment Rate will Rise Sooner than the MPC Expects

The MPC currently expects the unemployment rate to remain well below 4% until Q3 2023...

...But timely indicators suggest demand for labour already is cooling, just as supply is starting to recover.

We expect the unemployment rate to rise above 4% before year-end, keeping a lid on wages and rate hikes.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

8 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Jubilee-Linked Drop in June GDP to Obscure the Economy's Pulse

We think that GDP dropped by 1.6% month-to-month in June, almost entirely due to the extra public holiday.

GDP fell by 2.2% in 2002 and 1.7% in 2012; changes in the economy's composition since then won't help much.

Our forecast implies GDP fell by 0.3% q/q in Q2, but this probably won't mark the start of a recession.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

3 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Surging Mortgage Rates Point to an Outright Drop in House Prices

House purchase demand is falling quickly in response to the jump in mortgage rates and drop in real incomes.

New mortgage rates look set to rise further in Q3, greatly weighing on approvals.

A contraction in supply, however, will prevent a slump in prices; we still forecast a modest 2% decline in H2 2022.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

2 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Forecast Review: Fiscal Policy and Lower Saving Likely to Avert Recession

We have revised up our forecast for Q4 CPI inflation by 1.0pp since early July; energy prices have surged again.

But we have revised down our forecast for the level of GDP by only 0.5pp in Q4; fiscal policy will respond.

People also have shown more willingness to deplete savings; we still expect a recession to be narrowly avoided.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Will a Household Saving Drawdown Keep a Winter Recession at Bay?

Households saved much less and borrowed more in Q2; real spending, therefore, likely was unchanged from Q1.

On paper, households have ample scope to reduce their saving rate further, but we see several constraints.

Some already have depleted savings, credit conditions are tightening, and deleveraging will be more attractive.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 July 2022 UK Monitor Active Gilt Sales Likely will be at the Low End of Bailey's Proposed Range

The BoE is considering active gilt sales that would result in a reduction in the APF of £50B-to-£100B in year one.

This implies active sales of £15B-to-£65B if they begin in Q4; we expect sales at the lower end of that range.

The CBI’s Distributive Trades Survey shows retailers’ stock levels are far too high; discounting will intensify.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 July 2022 U.K. Monitor Retail Sales Will Recover in Q3, but this will be a False Dawn

Retail sales fell by 1.2% quarter-on-quarter in Q2, as households reduced big-ticket discretionary purchases.

Real household disposable income looks set to rise in Q3, thanks to government support measures.

But even if Ms. Truss pushes through her tax cuts, incomes will drop back in the winter, impeding sales.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 July 2022 UK Monitor June's CPI Data Unlikely to Spur the MPC to Hike by 50bp Next Month

The headline rate of CPI inflation topped the MPC forecast in June, due to higher motor fuel and food prices.

But the core rate fell, undershooting its forecast, as retailers struggled to pass on higher producer prices.

Core CPI inflation will fall sharply early next year, when recent falls in commodity prices will feed through.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: U.K. Official House Price Index, May

  • In one line:  Prices had momentum before the recent surge in mortgage rates.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

20 July 2022 Reviving Workforce Growth Eases the Pressure for Large Rate Hikes

The Governor emphasised at Mansion House that the drop in the workforce has been a key driver of rate rises.

So its 0.8% 3m/3m rise in May, the largest since 1984, should ensure the MPC sticks to a 25bp hike in August.

The workforce has scope to rebound further, while vacancy and survey data imply job growth will slow.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: U.K. Labour Market Data, May/June 2022

  • In one line: The workforce is starting to bounce back, preventing the labour market from tightening further.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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