Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

BoE

25 Nov 2022 UK Monitor Why Do We Expect Unemployment to Rise Sooner than Official Forecasters?

Past recessions show a much shorter lag between falling GDP and employment than the OBR and BoE now expect.

Vacancy data likely provide false comfort; they didn't forewarn of declining employment in early 2008.

Survey measures of employment have fallen sharply; the big corporate financing shock points to layoffs.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

21 Oct 2022 UK Monitor Truss's Resignation Less Newsworthy than Broadbent's Dovish Speech

  • The contest for the next PM is a side-show; all that matters for investors is Mr. Hunt is secure as Chancellor.
  • MPC member Broadbent has given the clearest signal yet the BoE thinks markets expect too many rate hikes...
  • ...He suggested that key developments since August implied only a 75bp higher rate path was warranted.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

13 Oct 2022 UK Monitor The Developing Recession is More Important for Gilts than the LDI Crunch

  • The outlook for gilt yields beyond this month depends on the economy’s performance, not LDI fund turmoil.
  • August’s GDP data show a recession was underway before the surge in economy-wide borrowing costs.
  • Inflation pressures will be extinguished by the recession; the BoE doesn’t need to go into overdrive.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

11 Oct 2022 UK Monitor Gilt Yields Likely to be Lower by Year- end, as the MPC Hikes Cautiously

  • Gilt yields rose again yesterday, as the BoE confirmed
    its bond-buying programme will end on Friday.
  • Signs that the government has changed tack, however, continue to amass; the MPC can be cautious.
  • Reducing public sector investment back to its share of GDP in the 2010s would offset the tax cut stimulus.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: BoE Gilt Market Intervention

  • In one line: A strong indication the BoE will not hike Bank Rate all the way to 6%.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 Sept 2022 UK Monitor Will the MPC Pick Prolonged High Inflation or a Mortgage Crisis

  • A recession now is all but inevitable; the key questionis how the pain will be distributed.
  • Hiking Bank Rate to 6% would crush domestically-generated inflation; mortgage defaults would soar.
  • Hiking more slowly would depress sterling and boost imported inflation, but is the lesser evil for the MPC.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

23 Sept 2022 UK Monitor MPC Likely to Stick to Another 50bp Hike in November, Despite Tax Cuts

  • The improved near-term outlook for CPI inflation has left the MPC less anxious about second-round effects.
  • The MPC is awaiting more details on fiscal policy; a 75bp hike in November can't be ruled out...
  • ...But the proposed tax cuts will do little to boost GDP, and spending might be cut; we still expect a 50bp hike.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 Aug 2022 UK Monitor The U.K.'s High Inflation is Due to Fiscal Policy, Not an Overheating Economy

The U.K.'s relatively high rate of CPI inflation is largely due to government policies.

The energy price shock has been softened by grants, not tax cuts; VAT and NICs hikes have also played a role.

Higher core goods inflation than in the Eurozone is largely due to Brexit, not stronger underlying demand.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

1 Aug 2022 UK Monitor Will a Household Saving Drawdown Keep a Winter Recession at Bay?

Households saved much less and borrowed more in Q2; real spending, therefore, likely was unchanged from Q1.

On paper, households have ample scope to reduce their saving rate further, but we see several constraints.

Some already have depleted savings, credit conditions are tightening, and deleveraging will be more attractive.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 July 2022 UK Monitor Active Gilt Sales Likely will be at the Low End of Bailey's Proposed Range

The BoE is considering active gilt sales that would result in a reduction in the APF of £50B-to-£100B in year one.

This implies active sales of £15B-to-£65B if they begin in Q4; we expect sales at the lower end of that range.

The CBI’s Distributive Trades Survey shows retailers’ stock levels are far too high; discounting will intensify.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

19 July 2022 The MPC Won't be Distracted by Tax Cut Proposals for Now

The tax cut plans of Tory leadership contenders should be treated with a pinch of salt, given past experience.

Tax cuts won't lift GDP, if they are financed partially by spending reductions; the latter have a higher multiplier.

We doubt that even Ms. Truss would take away the BoE's independence.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

12 July 2022 Business Investment Still Looks Set to Rise, Reducing Recession Risks

Business investment fell in Q1, partly due to supply disruption preventing orders being fulfilled.

But supply shortages are easing, and with Brexit and Covid uncertainty dissipating, capex should rebound.

A renewed rebound in business investment will support GDP growth in the second half of the year.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

30 June 2022 Services Inflation is High Only Due to Energy Price Rises and Tax Changes

Rising energy prices likely accounted for 1.6 percentage points of May's 4.9% rate of services CPI inflation.

While the jump in the VAT rate for the hospitality and recreation sector likely has lifted it by a further 0.6pp.

Underlying services inflation, therefore, only just exceeds its 2.5% average rate in the second half of the 2010s.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

21 June 2022 Will Sterling Force the MPC to Stick to a Path of Rapid Rate Hikes?

OIS rates do not accurately reflect investors’ expectations for Bank Rate; a sub-2% peak wouldn’t be a shock.

The outlook for sterling is more closely tied to overall risk sentiment in markets than the outlook for U.K. rates.

Our call that rates will top out at 1.75% assumes positive supply-side developments which will boost risk appetite.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

15 June 2022 Stable Wage Growth and a Reviving Workforce will Cheer the MPC

Year-over-year growth in private-sector wages slowed to 4.7% in April, slightly below the MPC’s 4.8% forecast.

The job market no longer is tightening, as the workforce recovers and growth in employment starts to slow.

We still expect the workforce to recover further, anchoring wage growth and easing the pressure for rate hikes.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

UK Datanote: U.K. BoE Inflation Attitudes Survey, May

  • In one line: Long-term inflation expectations remain no higher than in the late 2010s.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

10 May Will Rising Mortgage Rates Push House Prices Down?

Monthly payments will jump by about £100 for most households who refinance mortgages this year.

Mortgage approvals will fall sharply in the second half of this year in response to higher rates.

But house prices likely will stabilise, not fall; the supply of homes coming to the market will contract too.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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