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China+ Publications

Below is a list of our China+ Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

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yen

21 Oct 2022 China+ Monitor Japanese Exports' Uptick will Falter over Winter

  • Japanese exports have been almost flat in dollar terms, despite headline growth in yen terms.
  • Rapid import growth and a large trade deficit contin- ue to put pressure on the yen.
  • China’s benchmark lending rate was unchanged, as policymakers focus on the Party Congress.

Duncan WrigleyChina+

5 Oct 2022 China+ Monitor Core Inflation Starts to Heat Up in Japan, but It's Mostly the Yen

  • Headline Tokyo CPI inflation fell in September on base effects, but core inflation climbed further.
  • Yen weakness is driving up raw material costs, and these are now being passed on to consumers.
  • Korean factories are struggling as exports falter, but the BoK will likely still have to tighten aggressively.

Craig BothamChina+

23 Sept 2022 China+ Monitor FX Intervention Begins, as the BoJ Feigns Innocence

  • Japan has embarked on direct currency intervention in support of the yen for the first time since 1998.
  • The main goal of this intervention is to slow the pace of depreciation, rather than draw a line in the sand.
  • Monetary policy will be kept at its current easy settings, undermining any attempt to defend a level.

Craig BothamChina+

21 Sept 2022 China+ Monitor Yen Weakness will Continue to Push Japanese Inflation Higher

  • Japanese inflation continues to climb, driven by cost-push pressures and base effects.
  • The BoJ will not change tack, despite the multi-year high in CPI inflation.
  • We expect Governor Kuroda to hold the line on both inflation and the yen at tomorrow’s meeting.

Craig BothamChina+

16 Sept 2022 China+ Monitor The External Picture Deteriorates for a Helpless Japan

  • Japan’s trade deficit blew out in August, thanks to energy costs and a falling yen.
  • Exports are softer than they seem, flattered for now by price and base effects, but slowing at the margin.
  • Yen weakness is worrying policymakers, but it can’t be fixed by unilateral intervention.

Craig BothamChina+

30 Aug 2022 China+ Monitor Inflation Climbed Again in August, but the BoJ Likely Will Double-Down

  • Tokyo CPI inflation rose more than expected in August, thanks to food, energy, and base effects.
  • The BoJ will likely feel more, not less, dovish, as higher food and energy prices weigh on demand.
  • Japan remains unique; policymakers will welcome rising household inflation expectations.

Craig BothamChina+

18 Aug 2022 China+ Monitor Japan Faces a Growing Trade Deficit, Despite the Weaker Yen

Japan’s trade deficit widened again in July, thanks to a surging import bill.

Energy costs are a big part of the problem, but recent yen weakness is more curse than blessing.

Exports are yet to benefit from the currency’s fall, and key imports are insensitive to price changes.

Craig BothamChina+

4 Aug 2022 China+ Monitor Supply-Side Stresses are Fading, Bringing Hope of Disinflation

Supply chains are recovering, with delivery times and shipping costs improving in East Asia.

Lower raw material costs are reducing cost-push  inflation, and should feed through to output prices.

The main supply-side risks now are political, as China retaliates for Speaker Pelosi’s Taiwanese trip.

Craig BothamChina+

1 Aug 2022 China+ Monitor No Change from Policymakers in Japan or China on the Horizon

Japan’s Tokyo CPI inflation was marginally stronger than expected, but still driven by cost-push factors.

Yen weakness should relieve pressure on the BoJ, and confirms an outlook of policy stability into 2024.

China’s Politburo has emphasised zero-Covid over growth, with few signals of significant stimulus.

Craig BothamChina+

25 July 2022 China+ Monitor Japanese Growth Flags Again, Thanks to Resurgent Covid Cases

Japan had been recovering reasonably well from its Omicron wave, but a new outbreak now looms.

Growth is already under pressure, even before official restrictions are rolled out.

Inflation looks manageable, especially with demand pressures now waning.

Craig BothamChina+

22 July 2022 China+ Monitor No Change or Action on the Yen, Now or Next Year, from the BoJ

Thursday’s BoJ meeting followed the usual script, with added emphasis from Governor Kuroda.

The central bank’s current forecasts imply no change in policy until 2024, at least.

Early Korean export data suggest global demand is still waning, and China’s reopening boost is over.

Craig BothamChina+

4 July 2022 Global Trade is Slowing, Creating Another Headwind for China

The Caixin manufacturing PMI confirmed a healthy rebound for China in June.

Domestic demand, however, remains weak, and data from Korea suggest external demand is fading.

Japanese inflation surprised to the downside in June, reinforcing the BoJ’s dovish position.

Craig BothamChina+

27 June 2022 Yen Weakness will Keep Inflation Above Target; the BoJ Won't Care

Japanese CPI inflation was unchanged in May, andremains above the 2% target.

We think inflation will remain above target for the rest of the year, thanks to recent yen weakness.

But the BoJ will still see no reason to hike, with cost-push inflation viewed as “unsustainable”.

Craig BothamChina+

24 June 2022 Japan's Domestic Recovery Starts to Lose Momentum

Japanese manufacturing slowed further in June, likely reflecting weakening global demand.

The service sector extended its recovery from the Omicron-induced lows, but will peak soon.

Price pressures rose further, but the labour market still looks soft, so no change likely from the BoJ.

Craig BothamChina+

20 June 2022 No Change from the BoJ, Defying Market Speculation on YCC

The BoJ stood pat on Friday, leaving policy settings unchanged, despite pressure on the yen and JGBs. 

Governor Kuroda was at pains to assert the primacy of growth and inflation as drivers of monetary policy. 

Currency volatility, rather than weakness, bothers the BoJ, warranting only limited intervention. 

Craig BothamChina+

15 June 2022 Yen Intervention Looks More Likely, but Limited to Damage Control

Renewed yen weakness has drawn policymaker attention, with markets on alert for intervention.

Fighting currency weakness, however, is difficult, and Japan has few tools available.

Policymakers will likely be limited to fighting a rearguard action, reducing volatility on the way down.

Craig BothamChina+

30 May 2022 The Excitement is Over for Japanese Inflation, and the BoJ

Inflation is stabilising in Japan, after its April surge, and we do not expect much movement from here.

Yen weakness has partially reversed, thanks to U.S. data, easing the pressure on the BoJ.

Chinese industry is under pressure, particularly the private sector, and policy offers only limited support.

Craig BothamChina+

25 May 2022 Japanese Manufacturing Falters in May, as External Demand Softens

Japanese flash PMIs for May show a domestic recovery facing headwinds from external factors.

The most obvious culprit is China’s zero-Covid policy, with restrictions loosening only slowly.

New stimulus from China is underwhelming, but, importantly, contains new money this time.

Craig BothamChina+

23 May 2022 Back Above Target At Last, but the BoJ Won't Change Tack

Japan’s CPI inflation is finally back above its 2% target, but this won’t prompt a change from the BoJ.

The surge has been driven almost entirely by base effects, rather than any pick-up in demand.

Falling rates in China, aimed at propping up the property sector, will have little effect.

Craig BothamChina+

20 May 2022 Japanese Trade Gets Pinched by China's Zero-Covid Vice

Japanese exports slowed more than expected in April, thanks to China’s lockdowns.

The disruption to regional supply chains, stemming from factory closures in China, was also visible.

It is getting harder to argue that the yen’s weakness is a net positive, as imports ex-China climb higher.

Craig BothamChina+

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