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Tokyo headline CPI accelerated further in November, on the back of food price rises...
...But the BoJ is likely to view domestic demand as still weak, and so leave monetary policy unchanged.
China’s RRR cut is mainly about funding fiscal policy to cushion growth, as Covid cases surge again.
Japan’s trade deficit widened again in July, thanks to a surging import bill.
Energy costs are a big part of the problem, but recent yen weakness is more curse than blessing.
Exports are yet to benefit from the currency’s fall, and key imports are insensitive to price changes.
Chinese activity has slowed sooner than expected; the reopening rebound has failed to gain traction.
Supply-side stimulus measures are the wrong prescription for an economy lacking demand.
The PBoC delivered surprise easing yesterday, but it looks half-hearted, and will achieve little.
Chinese money growth was better than expected in July, but credit growth disappointed.
Private sector loan demand looks ever weaker, suggesting a limit to gains from monetary easing.
The PBoC is preparing to pare back, with financial stability risks the most likely consideration.
Chinese CPI inflation has reached a two-year high, but is still below target, and set to cool.
PPI inflation continues to fall on base effects and lower energy and industrial commodity prices.
China will be a source of disinflation, and even deflation, over the next twelve months.
China’s current account balance fell in Q2, despite strong trade balance figures.
The hit from the income account is unlikely to be repeated, but tailwinds are fading.
Export growth must slow, and compression of demand can’t go much further.
China’s PMIs fell in July, reversing the June bounce, as the gains from reopening were exhausted.
Other sources of demand are few and far between, with stimulus efforts limited in scope and ambition...
...and global demand on the wane amidst multiple headwinds, as clearly shown by Korean export data.
Japan’s Tokyo CPI inflation was marginally stronger than expected, but still driven by cost-push factors.
Yen weakness should relieve pressure on the BoJ, and confirms an outlook of policy stability into 2024.
China’s Politburo has emphasised zero-Covid over growth, with few signals of significant stimulus.
Japan had been recovering reasonably well from its Omicron wave, but a new outbreak now looms.
Growth is already under pressure, even before official restrictions are rolled out.
Inflation looks manageable, especially with demand pressures now waning.
Thursday’s BoJ meeting followed the usual script, with added emphasis from Governor Kuroda.
The central bank’s current forecasts imply no change in policy until 2024, at least.
Early Korean export data suggest global demand is still waning, and China’s reopening boost is over.
The Caixin manufacturing PMI confirmed a healthy rebound for China in June.
Domestic demand, however, remains weak, and data from Korea suggest external demand is fading.
Japanese inflation surprised to the downside in June, reinforcing the BoJ’s dovish position.
Japanese manufacturing slowed further in June, likely reflecting weakening global demand.
The service sector extended its recovery from the Omicron-induced lows, but will peak soon.
Price pressures rose further, but the labour market still looks soft, so no change likely from the BoJ.
Reopening has proceeded faster than we expected in China, prompting a larger immediate rebound.
Industrial production in particular has benefitted from a return to normal, and an export backlog.
Subsidies helped to prop up retail sales, but likely reallocated, rather than boosted, consumption.
China+ Document Vault, Pantheon Macro, Pantheon Macroeconomics, independent macro research, independent research, ian shepherdson, economic intelligence