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China+ Publications

Below is a list of our China+ Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

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17 Jan 2022 Weaker Imports Suggest a Weaker Domestic Economy in China

  • China posted a new record-high trade surplus in December, boosting the renminbi.
  • Behind the headline, however, lurks a troubling weakness of imports and domestic demand.
  • Korea's central bank hiked rates to 1.25%, and signalled more to come this year.

Craig BothamChina+

14 Jan 2022 Credit Growth is Grease to the Wheels, not Fuel for the Fire

  • China's money and credit growth improved in December, but this isn't a stimulus surge.
  • The authorities are laying down the groundwork to bail out swathes of the economy.
  • We expect the Q4 GDP reading to be the weakest since the start of the pandemic.

Craig BothamChina+

10 Jan 2022 Energy Leads Japanese Inflation Higher in December

  • Tokyo CPI inflation reached a two-year high in December, thanks largely to energy prices.
  • Inflation will climb further yet, but will still fall short of the BoJ's 2% target.
  • Chinese reserves data show the PBoC has been leaning against renminbi appreciation.

Craig BothamChina+

20 Dec 2021 The BoJ Takes Another Step Back, but Don't Call it Hawkish

  • The BoJ kept its main policy tools unchanged in December, but tinkered around the edges.
  • An announced reduction in corporate debt purchases had already begun in practice.
  • The taper is offset by an extension of SME lending, which has been a bigger balance sheet driver.

Craig BothamChina+

13 Dec 2021 Slow and Steady in November as Policymakers Double Down

  • Early Chinese data point to a stabilisation—at low levels— of economic activity.
  • Infrastructure investment likely rose in November, partially offsetting the property slowdown.
  • Prepare for a harsher crackdown on the private sec- tor in 2022, and more infrastructure spending.

Craig BothamChina+

7 Dec 2021 Under Duress, and Trying to Sound Upbeat, the PBoC Acts

  • Evergrande, and a nudge from upstairs, seem to have forced the PBoC's hand.
  • A 50 bps cut to the RRR frees up funds to deal with the clean-up operation, not supercharge growth.
  • More cuts will be needed, with growth likely to remain soft in Q1 of next year.

Craig BothamChina+

26 Nov 2021 An Expected Hike from the BoK, and Now a Long Pause

  • The Bank of Korea hiked as expected, taking the policy rate to 1.00%, from 0.75%.

    Further hikes were made conditional on a plethora of factors, providing plenty of wriggle room.

    We expect a pause until mid-2022, as Covid cases spike, and with an election looming in March.

Craig BothamChina+

CHINA+ DATA WRAP 25.11.21 Bank of Korea hikes as expected

Turning more hawkish, but caution remains the order of the day

Craig BothamChina+

23 Nov 2021 Bottlenecks and Chinese Policy to Ease, but Keep Calm

  • Korean trade data show further signs of an easing in congested supply chains.
  • Chinese policymakers turn more dovish, but no real relief for the property sector.
  • Renminbi strength starts to bother the PBoC, but "two-way volatility" is more likely than devaluation.

Craig BothamChina+

29 Oct 2021 The BoJ Turns Bearish on Near- Term Risks

  • No change in policy settings from the BoJ, but a decided turn for the worse in the growth outlook.
  • The coronavirus, coupled with supply-side issues, is weighing on the short-term outlook.
  • Currency weakness is drawing greater attention, and we think the BoJ will need to act next year.

Craig BothamChina+

PANTHEON CHINA+ DATA WRAP 22.10.21

  • A return to headline inflation for Japan masks ongoing core deflation.

    Surprising strength from the manufacturing PMI.

    The axe is yet to fall for Evergrande.

Craig BothamChina+

15 Oct 2021 The Evergrande Fiasco and Energy Prices Will Spoil the Recovery

  • A weak third quarter GDP print for China is a certainty, with the economy facing multiple headwinds.
  • Early data hint at the damage done, but September is just the start.
  • The real pain from the dual crises will be felt in Q4 and beyond.

Craig BothamChina+

13 Oct 2021 A Hawkish Hold, but Future Hikes Likely to be Interrupted

  • The BoK struck a hawkish note despite holding rates, strongly suggesting a November hike.
  • Household debt remains the focus of policy, but there's a risk of complacency over growth.
  • China is still deteriorating, and data over the next fortnight will be just a taste.

Craig BothamChina+

China+ Datanote: Bank of Korea decision, October 2021

  • In one line: No back to back hikes from the BoK, but a November hike is all but assured

Craig BothamChina+

8 Oct 2021 No Capital Outflows Yet, but Contagion is Still Spreading

  • No cause for concern in foreign exchange reserves data.
  • Capital outflow pressure appears modest and re- serves sufficient, for now.
  • Property sector stress is growing, however, and cracks are appearing for key actors.

Craig BothamChina+

27 Sept 2021 A Property Sector Microcosm: The Economics of Evergrande

  • Evergrande stumbles on, but more interlinkages with other sectors are being uncovered.
  • China's property sector as a whole is really the Evergrande situation writ large.
  • The anticipated economic fallout will not be isolated to China, expect significant regional spillover

Craig BothamChina+

23 Sept 2021 Evergrande and PBoC Scramble to Reassure, but Doubts Remain

  • Evergrande's vague statement won’t cut it, but the PBoC is on the case, for now...
  • ...More will be needed from both parties, though, particularly with dollar debt default still looming.
  • BoJ green policy has potential, but it needs fiscal support to be realised.

Craig BothamChina+

20 Sept 2021 Will the PBoC Waver from its Early Normalisation Path?

Fear of Evergrande contagion is dragging the PBoC into liquidity injections; an RRR cut is in the offing...

... But weak GDP growth will also force the Bank to drive market rates lower through OMOs.

The new green plank of BoJ policy struggles on the implementation details.

Freya Beamish (Chief Asia Economist)China+

27 Aug 2021 The BoK Takes a Calculated Risk, to Re-focus on High Household Debt

  • The Monetary Policy Board kicked off normalisation yesterday with a 25-basis point hike, to 0.75%.
  • Korea still is deep in the Covid woods, especially as protection from prior infection is very low...
  • ...But rapid jabs give the BoK room to manoeuvre, and re-focus towards curbing financial imbalances.

Freya Beamish (Chief Asia Economist)China+

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