Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.S. Publications

Below is a list of our U.S. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

FOMC minutes

24 Jan 2022 A Headlong Rush to Balance Sheet Rundown is Risky, for Everyone

  • The enthusiasm among some FOMC members for a rapid balance sheet runoff is misplaced.
  • If the FOMC wants to tighten more aggressively, faster rate hikes are less risky and send a clearer signal.
  • We think the runoff will begin in the fall, slowly; market conditions will not allow the Fed to move quickly.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

20 Jan 2022 The First Look at January Payrolls is not for the Faint-Hearted

  • The preliminary Homebase data for December signal falling payrolls, even allowing for upward revisions.
  • The Philly Fed index likely will follow the plunge in the Empire State, hit by the Omicron wave.
  • Jobless claims likely rose for a third straight week, thanks to the seasonals, which will soon reverse.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

10 Jan 2022 Unemployment at 3.9% Matters More to the Fed than Sluggish Payrolls

  • The relative softness in December payrolls is hard to explain, but the labor market is still tightening.
  • Sub-4% unemployment is enough to convince most FOMC members than an early rate hike is needed.
  • We expect the first hike in March, with an increasing chance of three further hikes this year.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

20 Dec 2021 Can the Private Sector Cope with More than a Modest Fed Tightening?

  • Faster productivity growth means higher real neutral rates, but can the private sector cope?
  • Households and firms are in good shape, with low debt service ratios and transformed balance sheets.
  • Markets don't believe the Fed's dotplot, but it's more likely that the markets will have to move up.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

17 Dec 2021 The Omicron Wave will Hit Activity Hard, but not for Long; we Hope

The U.K.'s exponential leap in Covid cases and plunge in services activity is coming to the U.S., soon.

We hope the Omicron wave will be brief, but it is cer- tain to be severe, at least in terms of cases.

The robust industrial recovery continues, with every chance of further increases in output in Q1.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

16 Dec 2021 Faster Tapering, and Faster Hikes

The Fed's tapering and rate hike plans assume only a modest hit from Omicron; we hope they're right.

Chair Powell emphasised the threat from rapid wage gains; all eyes on labor participation, and the Q4 ECI.

The abrupt slowing in core retail sales in November is no big deal; a correction was due after rapid gains.



Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

15 Dec 2021 The FOMC is Set to Accelerate the Taper, and to Project Two 2022 Hikes

The Fed will announce faster tapering today, opening the door to a rate hike in the spring.

The dotplot likely will show two rate hikes in 2022, triggered by the run of upside inflation surprises.

Core retail sales likely undershot consensus in November, but the trend is still strong.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

14 Dec 2021 Brace for Higher Core PPI Inflation, but the Peak is not Far Off

Core PPI inflation has further to rise, but it should start to fall in January.

The details of the NFIB survey are more important than the headline index...

...Look out for strength in capex plans, and a modest rise in selling prices, lifted by gas prices.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

7 Dec 2021 Rates Set to Rise in May, but the Fed can Sit Out the Summer

  • The Fed likely will want to take out further insurance, beyond faster tapering, against upside inflation risk.
  • Restoring 2% inflation requires supply chains to ease, wage gains to slow, and productivity growth to rise.
  • Individually, these are all much better than 50/50 shots but the Fed needs them all.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

23 Nov 2021 Powell Stays in the Saddle, Tapering Unlikely to Accelerate in December

  • Chair Powell's re-appointment and the impending new board appointments will keep the Fed dovish...
  • ...But an immediate acceleration of the tapering pace in December can't be ruled out.
  • Home prices continue to rocket as rising sales leave no room for inventory to recover.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

18 Nov 2021 The Fed has Three Conditions for Rate Hikes, One is Still Some Way Off

  • The Fed wants to reach maximum employment be- fore raising rates; it's still a long way off...
  • ...Fully recovering the ground lost during Covid likely will take almost a year.
  • The November Philly Fed likely will add to evidence suggesting peak supply chain pressure has passed.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

15 Nov 2021 What has to Happen to Get the Fed off the Inflation Hook?

  • If the Fed's transitory view is to be proved correct, wage growth has to slow, so participation has to rise.
  • Productivity growth has to rise too, and global supply chain pressures have to fade.
  • These are all reasonable bets, but nothing is certain, and inflation will rise much further in the near-term.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

12 Nov 2021 The Worst is Yet to Come: Core CPI Inflation will Soon Flirt with 7%

  • October's leap in the core CPI will be followed by a run of further hefty increases...
  • ...Core inflation is likely to blast through 6% early next year, posing a serious challenge to the Fed.
  • Chair Powell wants to stick to "transitory", but he needs to see labor participation surging, and fast.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

4 Nov 2021 Powell Adamant Higher Rates are not Yet Part of the FOMC Conversation

  • Chair Powell is sticking to "transitory", though it will take longer for inflation to fall than previously hoped.
  • The Fed still is not talking about higher rates, but tapering could be accelerated if necessary.
  • Productivity likely dropped sharply in Q3, but it will rebound in Q4 and the outlook is very favorable.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

US Datanote: FOMC Statement, November 2021

  • In one line: Tapering begins, but “transitory” inflation - with risks - is still the key story.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

14 Oct 2021 Has the CPI Accident Waiting to Happen, Just Happened?

  • September's core CPI was flattered by unsustainable declines in airline fares, lodging and used car prices...
  • ...But rents rose at the fastest pace in 15 years, so all eyes now will be on the October report.
  • Stop Press: FOMC minutes confirm tapering to be announced at the November meeting.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

24 Sept 2021 Why are FOMC Members so Split on Rates in 2023 and 2024

  • The huge range of FOMC rate forecasts for 2023 and 2024 likely reflects widely differing labor market views.
  • Both extremes seem unlikely to us, but it will be some time before the range of forecasts narrows.
  • New home sales recently have been a bit stronger than mortgage data imply; upside August risk?

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

US Datanote: FOMC Statement, September 2021

  • In one line: Tapering is coming, soon; two more FOMC members expect a 2022 hike, splitting the committee.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

23 Sept 2021 November Tapering is on Track, Barring Debt Ceiling Chaos

  • The FOMC is on course to taper in November, provid- ed markets aren't in turmoil over the debt ceiling.
  • The Fed's new economic forecasts are much more realistic, but FOMC opinions are spread widely.
  • Chair Powell remains confident that inflation will be contained; upward forecast revisions are no big deal.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

22 Sept 2021 Brace for the Warning that Tapering is Coming in November

  • The FOMC and Chair Powell appear prepared to signal that tapering will start in December.
  • Expect more dots for a 2022 rate hike, but the median forecast likely will still be for the first move in 2023.
  • Existing home sales are falling slowly, while inventory is rising; price gains are slowing.

Ian Shepherdson (Chief Economist and Founder)U.S.

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