Pantheon Macroeconomics

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U.K. Publications

Below is a list of our U.K. Publications for the last 6 months. If you are looking for reports older than 6 months please email info@pantheonmacro.com, or contact your account rep

Please use the filters on the right to search for a specific date or topic.

new mortgages

13 Jan 2022 Job Moves to Revert to Normal Levels this Year, Dampening Wage Growth

  • The proportion of workers changing jobs surged in 2021 to reach its highest level in the past 20 years...
  • ...But lower confidence and a sluggish housing market will drive job moves back to pre-Covid norms this year.
  • Job-to-job moves also will trend down in the 2020s as the population ages, bearing down on wage growth.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

11 Jan 2022 The MPC won't Match the U.S. Fed's Rate Hiking Pace This Year

  • Investors expect U.K. official rates to rise by 98bp this year, exceeding the 86bp anticipated rise in the U.S.
  • U.K. households, however, are less well-placed than those in the U.S. to withstand higher rates.
  • The MPC will switch to QT before the Fed, while membership  changes will strengthen the doves' hands.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

5 Jan 2022 Lower Saving Reflects Inflation Pressure, not Reviving Confidence

  • The return of monthly saving to pre-Covid levels is a sign of the real income squeeze, not surging spending.
  • The recent surge in house prices, however, is enabling refinancing homeowners to access lower interest rates.
  • Firms continued to repay external borrowing in November, but we remain upbeat on the capex outlook.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

17 Dec 2021 The MPC will Give the Economy Breathing Space Before Hiking Again

Markets now expect the MPC to hike Bank Rate to 0.50% in February, following today's surprise hike.

Most members, however, thought the decision was "finely balanced" and see a "modest" tightening ahead.

Omicron won't just have short-term effects if the MPC hikes again and pushes firms over the edge.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

2 Dec 2021 Could the Economy Cope Next Year with the Rate Hike Markets Expect?

  • Markets expect the MPC to hike Bank Rate by nearly 100bp next year, the most in one year since 2007.
  • Rising mortgage rates likely would subtract just 0.1pp from households' disposable incomes next year...
  • ...But house prices would flatline, so 100bp is on the limit of feasibility; Omicron brings downside risks.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 Nov 2021 Exports are Still in the Doldrums; Brexit Clearly is to Blame

  • U.K. exports in Q3 were 14% below their 2018 average, a larger shortfall than in any other G7 economy.
  • It's not just services exports; U.K. goods exports are well below their pre-Covid level; Brexit is to blame.
  • Several potential further headwinds loom, including the risk of further trade barriers from the EU.

Gabriella DickensU.K.

4 Nov 2021 Look to the Housing Market, not Interest Payments, for Rate Hike Pain

  • The effective mortgage rate will be just 20bp or so higher at the end of 2022, if markets' Bank Rate view is right.
  • The interest rate on bank deposits would rise by more, so households' net interest payments would fall, initially.
  • The housing market, however, looks like the weak link; we expect house prices to flatline in H1 2022.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 Oct 2021 Inflation Expectations Data Leave Room for the MPC to Prevaricate

  • Households' medium-term inflation expectations fell by 0.1pp to 3.7% in October, according to YouGov/Citi.
  • Nearly all the rise in expectations can be explained by current inflation rates; no sign of de-anchoring.
  • Manufacturing output isn't that sensitive to energy prices; we continue to expect modest growth in Q4.

Samuel Tombs and Gabriella DickensU.K.

7 Oct 2021 Could the Economy Withstand the Rate Hikes Markets Expect?

  • Markets expect interest rates to rise more in the next 15 months than in any other period since 2007.
  • Firms are well placed to cope, and the effective interest rate on all mortgage debt would rise only slowly...
  • ...But higher new mortgage rates would hit spending via lower house prices or higher mortgage payments.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

30 Sept 2021 Consumers are Missing in Action, will they Finally Stop Saving in Q4

  • Households continued to add to their stock of savings at a faster rate in August than before Covid.
  • Unsecured lending rose only modestly too; lower confi- dence in September points to still-subdued spending.
  • Surging energy prices mean we are lifting our 2022 CPI inflation forecast to 3.4%, from 3.2% two weeks ago.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

27 Sept 2021 Survey Data Continue to Point to Sluggish GDP Growth in Q3

  • The fall in the composite PMI in September chimes with other data suggesting growth was sluggish in Q3.
  • Survey data also suggest the number of furloughed workers has fallen only marginally in recent weeks.
  • GDP growth will disappoint the BoE's expectations in Q3 and Q4, making a rate hike in Q1 2022 unlikely.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

16 Aug 2021 Employment Growth Likely Topped the Consensus in June

We look for above-consensus three-month-on- three-month growth in employment of 125K in June.

June's PAYE data were very strong, while a cohort reporting a low employment rate left the sample.

Year-over-year growth in wages likely rose further, but the underlying trend isn't troubling for the MPC.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

6 Aug 2021 The MPC's New Forecasts Set a High Bar for Future Upside Surprises

The MPC's forecasts imply markets' expectations for future rate hikes are about right...
...But the risks to the MPC's economic forecasts now are skewed firmly to the downside.
We now expect the first rate hike in Q2 2023, slightly earlier than before, with QE wind-down coming later.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

30 July 2021 June's Money Data Point to Increased Consumer Caution

The slowdown in consumer credit gross lending in June suggests monthly GDP growth slowed.
Households remained cautious; last month liquid assets increased at a faster rate than pre-Covid.
Businesses increased their net external finance for the first time since February; a positive sign for capex.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

26 July 2021 July's PMI Data Embellish the Picture of a Slowing Recovery

The larger-than-consensus fall in the composite PMI adds to evidence that the recovery is slowing.

The disruption caused by Covid-19 cases is only part of the story; a weaker underlying picture is emerging.

Prices still are rising sharply, but there are some early signs that the upward pressure is easing.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

30 June 2021 Money Data Show Households Still Aren't Throwing Caution to the Wind

The BoE’s money and credit data suggest that the economy continued to recover in May, but remained constrained by households' and businesses’ lingering cautiousness.

Samuel Tombs (UK Economist)U.K.

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